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Full text of "The war-history of Company "C", (Beauregard Volunteers) Sixth Georgia Regiment (infantry) with a graphic account of each member"

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973.74 

G29cr 

1770917 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



./ 



So 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1 



833 00824 6222 



THE 



WAB-HISTOR 



OF 



COMPANY "C," 

(liL'AUUEGAKD VOLUNTEERS) 



JSr 



(frcornta IWniment, 



(infantry) 



tj 



11777/ A GRAPHIC ACCOUNT OF EACH MEMBER. 



WRITTEN BY 



Jg (SM&iiLL n mm? ^j 



Of Houston Count 11 Georgia, 
And Published by the Survivors of the Company 



FORT VALLEY, GEORGIA: 

Printed at the "Advertt\<>r' Office 
1879 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2009 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/warhistoryofcompOOcroo 



1770917 



ERRATA. 

On the first page in the Introduction where it reads "mild fanat- 
icism" in the 28th line on left hand column, it should read wild 
fanaticism. 

On the 5th page, 2Gth line of the right hand column, read just 
alluded to instead of just "attended" to. 

On the 7th page, 18th line, right hand column, read this mani- 
festation, instead of "his" manifestation. 

In the 27th line, same page, and column, read delivered instead 
of "made." 

On 8th page right hand column and 13th line, read '-Bulls Vol- 
unteers" instead of "Butler Volunteers." 

In 47th line same page and column, read Raines, instead of 
"Baines" 

In the 5th Chapter, right hand column and 5th line, read 132- 
000, instead "100,000."' 

In the 20th line, left hand column, page 20th, read water in- 
stead of "weather." 

On page 28, left hand column and 27th line read South Washing- 
ton instead of South "Wilmington." 

On page 32, lelt hand column, and 9th line read was instead of 
"is." 

On same page and column, and 38th line, read was instead of "is." 

On 37th page, right :.-.:i; <••■ : 1 second line, read destiny 

Instead of "deserting. 

On page 33, right hand column, and 24th line, read one tweiity- 
iightn part instead of "one thirty-eighth part." 



3awe 8 

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L85739 



Croom, Wendell D. 

The 
teers 
accoun 



-war-history of Company "C," (Beauregard volun- 
bixth Georgia regiment, (infantry) with a oraphic 
it of eacn memoer. Written by Wendell D. Croom 
... a. a p,ib. by the survivors of the conmanv r rt V-l 
iey, Ga., Printed at the "Advertiser" office, '1S70. 

2 p. 1., :>7 p. 22J"». 
In double columns. 

"Errata" olip inoerted* 

1. Gc^iii infantry, otli ivj-i.. I :;:;-' s.;' Co r •• t: t ;••, ,.••, 

• li^j 

. ( ) ' '. '■ 

•library of few,;*, ...";;•_ .V EU0.8.litl. i .•■' ' 






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CERTIFICATE OF APPROVAL 

FROM GENERAL C. D. ANDERSON 

Fort Valley, Ga., May 17, 1879. 

Wendell D, Croom, Esq., 

Powersville, Ga. 
Dear Sir: — 

I have examined as carefully as my limited 
time would allow, the manuscript of the War-History of Company 
"0," (Beauregard Volunteers,) Sixth Georgia Regiment, written by 
yourself, and am much pleased with the tone and style of the work, 
is well as with its faithful execution. I think it is as correct a his- 
tory of that famous old Company as could now he arrived at. 

1 hope a deserved success will crown your commendable efforts in 
this laudable enterprise, in transmitting our War-History unsullied 
to our posterity. 

Yours Truly, 

C. D. ANDERSON. 



1 8 5 7 o 9 



o 

- i 

O 

i 



In presenting this little work, the that they will lie passed as unintrn- 
writer has not aimed at historic (lis- tional. He hereby tenders his sic- 
i tinction, nor has he been swayed by knowledgments to those of the survi- 
principles of prejudice, or avarice; vors who so generously contributed 1o 
but has, at the request of the sur- accelerate his labors by placing within 
\ ivors of the Company of which he has his reach, much of the important data 
the honor to have been a member, en- connected with the work. The woi\K 
dcavored to compend in as brief and is respectfully dedicated to the memo- 
concise a manner as the nature of cir- ry of the Confederate dead who stak- 
cumstances Avould allow, a graphic ac- ed their lives, their fortunes, and 
count of each member of the Corapa- their sacred honor, and poured, out 
ny, together with a general out-line of their life-blood upon the altar of their 
its War-History. He indulges the country, in defense of the cause that 
hope that the work will meet with fa- severed the Federal Compact, and led 
vorable reception at the hands of the to the late terrible Avar between the 
friends of the company, and of a gen- States of the Federal Union. 
evous public, and that if any errors WENDELL I). CROOM. 
or over-sights should be found in it, Powersyille, G a., January 1879. 



NEAR YORK, HOUSTON COUNTY GEO., 

August 1878. 

Resolved: That Private W. D. Croom be requested to compile a com- 
plete Roster and History of Company C, Beauregard Volunteers. 

C2f°The above resolution was unanimously sanctioned by the members of 
the Company present. 



> • 



INTRODUCTION. 



Upon the official announcement of 
the result of the Presidential election 
of November, 1800, that Mr. Abra- 
ham Lincoln of Illinois, had been 
elected President of the United States 
for the ensuing term, and that his 
election had been secured upon prin- 
ciples which, upon the one hand, were 
{mrely sectional, and upon the other 
land, upon the broader and more 
comprehensive principles of centrali- 
zation; that the States that voted for, 
and elected him, all lay north of what 
is known as Mason and Dixon's line, 
and that he had not received a single 
electoral vote in any of the States 
South of that line. The Representa- 
tive Men of the latter States, became 
alarmed and so inspired their constit- 
uences for the safety, protection, and 
perpetuation of their political rights 
and institutions. Prominently among 
these may be mentioned the Right of 
local State Sovereignty, and the Insti- 
tution of Slavery; which was indeed 
older than the Government itself, and 
had with-stood the fchoeks and storms 
of a mild fanaticism for the last half 
century, and which had so often, up- 
on actual count in the Congress of the 
United States, been declared a local 
institution, and in no way subject to 
Federal interference. Its stability 
was now regarded as more imperiled 
and more uncertain than at any time 
during its existence upon this conti- 
nent. To find a remedy for the evils 
which now seemed to be looming up 
in the near future, was a perplexing 
question. Elated by their signal tri- 
umph in the late election, it was fear- 
ed by the men before alluded to, that, 
the party soon to conic into power. 



and assume the reins of government, 
would seek by illegitimate means to 
abridge the right of local State Sover- 
eignty, and enlarging the Federal 
powers of the Government by an as- 
sumption of power centralized in the 
Federal head, not delegated by the 
Constitution, acquire the right to 
abolish slavery everywhere by Federal 
enactment. It. was now believed by 
most of the Reprcsentitivc Men before 
alluded to, that the impending evils 
might be averted, and the safety and 
protection of Southern Rights and In- 
stitutions, be best subserved, and per- 
haps finally consummated in a peaca- 
blc withdrawal from the Union. Ac- 
cordingly the people of South Caroli- 
na met in sovereign convention, and 
on the 20th day of December, I860, 
passed an Ordinance of Secession, in 
which they declared the Union then 
subsisting between the State of South 
Carolina and the other States under 
the Federal Compact of the 23rd day 
of May, 1788 entitled the Constitu- 
tion of the United States of America, 
to be totally and absolutely dissolved. 
And declaring also, all Acts and parts 
of Acts of the General Assembly of 
South Carolina, ratifying amendments 
of the said Constitution to be repeal- 
ed. They claimed this Ordinance to 
be based alone upon the grounds that, 
"the States of Maine, New Hampshire, 
Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, 
Rhode Island. New York, Pennsylva- 
nia, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wis- 
consin, and Iowa," (all of which had 
voted for Mr. Lincoln,) had enacted 
laws which either nullified the acts of 
Congress for the rendition of fugitives 
from service, or rendered useless an\ 



Introduction. 



attempt to enforce them. Six other 
States soon followed South Carolina 
in passing similar Ordinances. Mis- 
sissippi, on the 9th of January, 1861; 
Florida, on the loth; Alabama, on the 
11th; Georgia, on the 1 9th; Louisiana, 
on the 26th; and Texas, on the first 
of February. These States met by 
delegations at Montgomery, Ala., on 
the 4th of February, 1861, and imme- 
diately organized a new Union between 
themselves, and formed a new Consti- 
tution, under the name of the "Con- 
federate States of America." Their 
Constitution was based upon all the 
essential principles of the Federal 
Compact of 1787, with its subsequent 
amendments. This Constitution for 
the permanent Government was to 
take effect on the 22nd of February, 
1862. A Provisional Government was 
formed for one year, by electing Jef- 
ferson Davis of Mississippi, President, 
and Alexander H. Stephens of Geor- 
gia, Vice President. Mr. Davis was 
inaugurated on the 18th day of Feb- 
ruary, 1861, and selected for his Cab- 
inet: Robert Toombs, of .Ga., Secre- 
tary of State; Christopher G. Mem- 
minger, of S. C. Secretary of the 
Treasury; Leroy P. Walker, of Ala., 
Secretary of War; Stephen R. Mallory, 
, of Fla. , Secretary of the Navy; John 
II. Reagin, of Texas, Post Master- 
General. The Attorney-Generalship 
was designated the Department of 
Justice, and over this, Judah P. Ben- 
jamin, of La., was chosen to preside. 
The new Government thus organized, 
. went into immediate operation* 

Meantime, at the instance of Vir- 
ginia, an informal Peace Congress 
was called to meet in Washington. 
This body met in February. Twen- 
ty States were represented in it — Thir- 
teen Northen, and seven Southern. 
Fx-Presidcnt Tyler presided over its 
deliberations. In it the Southern 
States were emphatically assured that 
the Northern States would never re- 



tract from their determination in the 
matter of rendition of fugitives from 
service. This effort, therefore, to 
close the breach between the States, 
tended only to widen it. The Gov- 
ernment at Montgomery despatched 
three Commissioners, John Forsyth, 
of Ala. , Martin J. Crawford, of Ga., 
and Andrew J. Roman, of La., to 
Washington, to treat with the Feder- 
al authorities a peaceful and amicable 
adjustment, upon principles of equity 
and justice of all matters pertaining 
to the common property and public 
debt. President Buchanan refused to 
receive them in their official capacity. 
Acting upon the right of eminent 
domain, as they claimed, the seceded 
States had before . | li is, taken posses- 
sion of all the Federal forts and arse- 
nals within their limits, respectively, 
except Fort Sumter in Charleston har- 
bor, Fort Pickens at Pensacola. and 
the fortifications in the Keys of the 
Southern coast of Florida, and had 
transfered the same jurisdiction over 
them to the Confederate States which 
had been excereised before by the Un- 
ited States. 

Mr. Buchanan made no attempt to 
retake these forts. He held that 
a State could not rightfully or Consti- 
tutionally secede, lie also further held 
to the very singular doctrine that he 
could not, nor could Congress right- 
fully and Constitutionally resort to co- 
ercive measures against the regularly 
constituted authorities of a State to 
prevent it. In this condition of 
things, Buchanan's term of office ex- 
pired on the 4th. of March, 1861, and 
he retired. Mr. Abraham Lincoln, 
the new President elect, was installed 
into office at the' usual time and place, 
and issued his Inaugural address, in 
which he held, as most of the South- 
ern people did not, that the Union 
was older than the States, and declar- 
ed it to be his avowed purpose to 
maintain it at all hazards, as well as 



Introduction. 



to "hold, occupy, and possess" all the 
'forts, arsenals, and other public prop- 
erty, before held by the Federal au- 
thorities, and to collect the public rev- 
enue at all the ports of the seceded 
Stales. This was the only decisive 
policy indicated in his Inaugural. It, 
will not be considered out of place to 
mention just here, that all of the 
Southern States, which had not, up 
to this time, seceded, did, in due 
- course of time secede except Maryland, 
Missouri, and Kentucky. Through 
the influence of the secession element 
within their limits, Missouri and Ken- 
tucky formed Provincial Governments 
and co-operated with the seceded 
States. Held under military sway, 
and her people divided upon the sub- 
ject, Maryland took no action in the 
matter. Part of her arms-bearing 
people united with the Confederates, 
and a part with the Federals. Virgi- 
nia seceded on the 17th of April, Ar- 
kansas, on the 6th of May, North Ca- 
rolina, on the 20th of May — the 86th 
anniversary of her celebrated Mecklen- 
burg Declaration of Independence. 
(In this, North Carolina was, in the 
matter of Revolutionary Indepen- 
dence, in advance of all of her co- 
States by forty-four days. ) Tennessee 
seceded on the 8th of dime. These 
all united with the new Confederation. 
Upon the accession of Virginia to 
the Confederacy, the Confederate 
Government was transfered to Rich- 
mond, the capital of that State, where 
it remained till it was subverted, 
which occurred, it may be said, when 
the sword of (Jen. Robert E. Lee was 
surrendered on the 9th of April, 1865, 
at Appomatox, C. II. 

To return to the subject: 
Anxious, if possible to effect an am- 
icable reconciliation between the 
States, the Confederate States Com- 
missioners, before named, addressed a 
note, on the 12th. of March, to Mr. 
William II. Seward, Secretary of 



State, in the new Cabinet, setting 
forth the character and object of their 
mission. Mr. Seward replied to this 
verbally and informally, through Mr. 
Justice John A. Campbell, of the Su- 
preme Bench of the United States. 
lie was a citizen of Alabama, in full 
sympathy with the Southern cause. 
He was therefore selected by Mr. Sew- 
arctyts a proper intermediary. In this 
way the Commissioners were given to 
understand that Mr. Seward was in 
favor of peace, — that Fort Sumter, 
about which the Commissioners felt 
tht\ greatest concern, would he evacu- 
ated in less than ten days. 

This proved, however, to be a farce 
and deception practiced upon the 
Commissioners by Mr. Seward and 
the Government at Washington. 
They were kept in the dark as regard- 
ed the intention of the Federal Gov- 
ernment in relation to the status quo 
of Fort Sumter. And it was not un- 
til a provisioning and reenforcing 
fleet despatched from the [torts of 
New York and Norfolk early in April, 
had actually hove in sight of Fort 
Sumter, that they were placed in pos- 
session of the facts of the intention of 
the Federal Government in regard to 
Fort Sumter, 

They came in possession of these 
facts through a notice given on the 
8th of April to Gov. Pickens of South 
Carolina, that a licet was then on its 
way to provision, and reenforce Fort 
Sumter. The fort was at this time 
commanded by Maj. Robt. Anderson, 
of the IT. S. Army, with a force of less 
than a hundred, and with a very .short 
supply of provisions. Gen. Gustave 
T. Beauregard was in command of 
about six thousand volunteer troops in 
Charleston at the time, collected for 
the purpose of defending the place. 
Gov. Pickens informed him of the no- 
tice he had received. This was tele- 
graphed by Beauregard to the author- 
ities at Montgomery. The Secretary 



Introduction. 



of War replied to Beauregard: ''If 
you have no doubt of the authenticity 
of the notice of the Government at 
"Washington to supply Fort Sumter 
by force, demand its evacuation; and 
if this should be refused, proceed to 
reduce it." On the 11th of April the 
demand for its evacuation was made 
by Gen. Beauregard. Maj. Anderson, 
in writing, stated that the demand 
would not be complied with. This 
was sent by Gen. Beauregard to Secre- 
tary of War at Montgomery, who re- 
turned the following response: "Do 
not needlessly desire to bombard Fort 
Sumter. If Maj. Anderson will state 
a reasonable specified time at which he 
will evacuate, and agree that, in the 
meantime, he will not use his guns 
against us, unless ours should be em- 
ployed against Fort Sumter, you are 
authorized thus to avoid the effusion 
of blood. If this or its equivalent be 
refused, reduce the fort, as your judge- 
ment decides most practicable." 

This was communicated to Maj. 
Anderson. He refused to accede. 

The fleet was approaching; some of 
Beauregard's batteries and forces were 
between it and Fort Sumter. Should 
it arrive, while Anderson still held the 
fort, they would be exposed to attack 
from the rear as well as from the 
front. Gen. Beauregard therefore 
gave Maj. Anderson notice that he 
would at an early specified hour com- 
pel him to withdraw from the fort. 
He accordingly opened fire upon it, at 
4:30 on the morning of the 12th of 
April. This was returned by the guns 
of the fort. The fleet came near, but 
in the absence of official orders from 
the Government, took no part in the 
conflict. The bombardment lasted 32 
hours. Maj. Anderson then agreed 
to capitulate. This scene is represent- 
ed by those who witnessed it, to have 
been most "grand and terrific," espec- 
ially at night, as the earth seemed to 
quake and tremble beneath the loud 



thunderings of the booming cannon 
engaged on the respective sides, and 
volume after volume of smoke ascend- 
ed the mid-heavens, while the burr- 
ing missiles, plunging in mad confu- 
sion in opposite directions, stretched 
their vivid trains across the horizon. 
To the "uninitiated," such a scene as 
this, was no doubt, very terrible, but 
in less than twelve months, to many, 
such scenes became very common. 

The fall of Fort Sumter aroused the 
Northern people to the highest, pitch, 
and enabled the party now in power, 
to draw large accessions from the 
Democratic, and American parties. 

Indeed, \t was the beginning of a 
war, which has but few, if any" paral- 
lels in the annals of history. The 
world stood aloof, but looked on with 
wonder and amazement, while this 
terrible war, through the grievous du- 
ration of upwards of four years, loom- 
ed forth its gigantic proportions, and 
presented its hideous machinations of 
death and destruction in grand, terri- 
ble display, and the nations of the 
earth, with fearful anxiety awaited the 
impending result. 

On the 15th of April, President 
Lincoln issued a Proclamation calling 
for 75,000 troops, and convening Con- 
gress in extra session on the fourth of 
July, following. The causes of the 
war, were now, by the Federals, laid 
at the door of the Confederates. 
They were charged with having dese- 
crated the National flag, and with 
having used force and resistance 
against the legally constituted author- 
ities of the Federal Government. On 
the other hand, the Confederates 
maintained that the silencing by them 
of the guns of Fort Sumter was only 
an act of defense in anticipation of an 
approaching attack from a hostile 
fleet, as announced by Gov. Pickens 
through the notification to him of the 
intention of the Federal authorities to 
reenforce Fort Sumter. The Confed- 



I VTHOTM'CTTnN. 



crates stood, as they claimed, upon a 
well-established principle of public 
.law, that, "the aggressor in war" (that 
is he who begins it) "is nut the first 
who uses force, hut the first who ren- 
ders force necessary." They therefore 
claimed that the despatching of the 
fleet before mentioned, from New 
York and Norfolk, was an open "decla- 
ration of war. The call by President 
Lincoln for 75,000 troops, was met by 
a similar call from the Confederate 
Government at Montgomery for vol- 
unteer troops to repel invasion. The 
arms-hearing people of the Confed- 
erate Mates, with a gallantry unsur- 
passed in the annals of the world, re- 
sponded to the call. 

They were soon organizing into bat- 
talions and regiments, and hurrying 
with railroad speed to the theatre of 
war. It was now, and in this state of 
afiairs, that Charles J). Anderson, then 
engaged in a mercantile business in the 
town of Fort Valley, Houston Comity, 
Georgia, proposed to organize the' 
Company upon whose History we are' 



now about to enter, and, as Captain, 
lead it to the field of action. Being a 
man of unsullied reputation and ex- 
tensive popularity, his proposition 
found a ready response everywhere. 
The Company was soon organized and 
in trim. A great many more tender- 
ed their services than he was allowed 
at that time to muster in- It is quite 
aside from ouo present purpose, to un- 
dertake to enter into a detailed ac- 
count of this war — its origin, causes, 
conduct, guilt, crimes, consequences, 
and results, as well as its sufferings, 
sacrifices, and heroic exploits on the 
respective sides. As many volumes 
on this subject have already been writ- 
ten, an attempt of this sort upon our 
part, would prove as futile as it would 
lie vain in us. indeed, such an at- 
tempt would he very well calculated to 
well nigh beggar language, and paral- 
ize the pen of the ablest historian. 
The work we have before us, and in 
hand, is to write the AVar- History of 
the Company just attended to. With 
this we will imw proceed. 



Campaign of 1801. 



CHAPTER I. 



< in; Company •■('" 1 was organized 
ai Fort Valley, Houston county Geor- 
gia, in the mouth of .May of this year; 
titled the "Beauregard Volunteers," 
in lionor of (Jen. Gustave T. Beaure- ' 
gurd, thai gallant Louisianian, whose 
animating tones were so often, during 
the war, echoed and reaehoed from 
the Potomac to the Mississippi, and 
whose memory stands so inseparably 
linked with Confederate fame. The 
Company as first organized, was offi- 
cered as follows, commissioned and 
non-commissioned staffs: Charles 
D. Anderson, Captain, Charles II. 
Richardson, 1st Lieutenant, Bart- 
lett M. Bateman, 2nd Lieutenant, 
Seaborn L. Minims 3rd Lieutenant 
William W. Carnes, Orderly Sergeant 
.lames M. Culpepper, 2nd Sergeant, 
(Jeo. W. Bateman, 3rd Sergeant. 
Amos W . Murray 4th Sergeant, Isaac 
X. Vinson 5th Sergeant, Joel L. 
Disekes, 1st Corporal, Leonidas Brown 
2nd Corporal, Samuel II. Hiley 3rd 
Corporal, Thomas S. ('lark, 4th Cor- 
poral, Reuben A. Kilby 5th Corpo- 
ral. Liven A vera Musician, J. \V. 
A vera, Company Ensign. The Coin- 
pans was at lirsi mustered into ser- 
vice with a full quota, that is, eighty 
four men, rank and file. The pri- 
vates, comprising the Company from 
time to time during the war including 
the original members and recruits' 
I'roin time to time were as follows: 

Llias Adams; Charles I). Anderson, 
dr.: Louis F. Vnderson; Emanuel 
Auitman ; John I). Aultman; Solomon 
Aultman; Josiali Avera; Malhew (i. 
A vera; Drewrv M. Bateman; Need- 
ham Bateman; Lewis II. Beddingficld; 
Sumter Belvin; Henry T. Brookins; 
Thomas Butler; .James M. Bvnum: 



Leonidas Choidoine; Ceorge W. 
Cheeses; James Clark; Thomas X. 
Clark; William T. Collins; James 
Corhitt ; Stephen ('order; .John Coop- 
er; Charles II. Coussins; Jonathan 
F. Coussins; Jonathan I). Cowart; 
Wendell D. ('room; William Crouch; 
John C Davidson; William S. Davis: 
Edward Dinkins; John R. Dukes; 
William 1'.. Dukes; Kl, Ethridge; Eli- 
jah Lthridge; John Lthridge; Allen 
Evans; Samuel Folder; Alexander 
Finlayson; Samuel A. Fields; Charles 
I'. Fogg; John C. Gammagc; John W 
Catling; Samuel Gassett; James W. 
('riles; William L. (Lies; Alexander 
Glozior; James M. Graves; Charles L. 
Gras : Jefferson M. Gray; William C. 
'Gray; Ilosea C. Graydon; Ulysses M. 
Gunn; William S Haddock; Geo. W. 
Hampton; J. X. llightower; David II 
Hiley; Talbot <i. Hammock; Benj. F. 
Hammock; Theophilus Llardison. Jn<> 
I. Harris; William X. Harris; William 
M. Hartley; Daniel [learn; Obediah 
Hcam; Augustus C. Haslam; William 
M. Haslam; William C. Harrison; 
Sullivan K. Harrison; George M. D. 
Iluiil ; Seaborn M. Hunt ; John C. 
[lumber; Daniel I'.. Ilutto; Drewrv 
M. Jackson; .lames M. Johns; RobL 
W. Johnson: Thos. E.Jones, Burwell 
T. Jordan: William II. Leadingham; 
William 11. Lightfoot; R. I). Light- 
foot; James Lominae; Thomas A. 
Lowe; William II. II. Lowe; J as. Ma- 
son; John Maso; William M. McDon- 
ald; John F. McDonald; William F. 
McGehee; John M. Miller; RobL A. 
Miller; Francis M. Murray; John \V. 
Murray; Das id R. Odom; Jas. B. 
Odom; Thus Odom; Willis T. Odom; 
David J. Perm infer; Geo. W. Piles; 
(ieo. W. Plant; Benj. L. Powell; 



CAMPAIGN or 18(51, 



Richard II. Powell; John S. Price; ism of the Company. In behalf of 

John I' 1 . Renfroe; John J, Ruinph; the Indies, the Hag was j >rt--t- 1 1 1 1 ■» I by 

Louis D. Llnmph; Samuel J Ruinph, -Miss Carrie Dinkins, of Houston 

Henry C. Sawyer; Ichabod N. Scarbo- county, (la., with appropriate re- 

n.mgh; Columbus Self; jL-ott Self; Ma- marks. In behalf of the Company, 

non Self; James W. Shines; William tin- (lag was received by Fnsign Dr. J. 

I Shines; Andrew J. Shirah; Thomas W. A vera, who responded to therein- 

(). Skellie, Alex. G. Slappey; Geo. \V arks of Miss Dinkins in a chaste, well- 

Slappey; J as. Slappey; Russell T. limed speech, in which he took ocoa- 

Slappey; Uriah Slappey; Leonidas 1'. sion to assure the ladies that the flag 

Sledge; Spencer R. Sledge; "Wiley T. should never trail in the dust; but 

Sledge; William Sorrel 1; Mack Sperry thai it would he borne aloft In tri- 

Alexander Sullivan: Allen Sullivan; tunph on all the hattle-iields upon 

Francis M, Strippling; Ebenezer W. which it might become necessary to 

Turner; Bryanl Vinson; Daniel \'in- unfurl it to the breeze. Nor should 

son; Henry " B. Vinson, Joseph S. the fair donors ever be put to the 

Vinson; Leavin Vinson; John Visage; blush, or ever feel ashamed on account 

Pleasant A White; John C. Wilson; oi his manifestation of their eonti- 

\\ ill ia m Young, deuce in i he valor of the donors of this 

Having organized his Company as high compliment. Whether these as- 
before stated, and having been com- surances, given by Ensign A vera, 
missioned. Captain Anderson made a were faithfully, or ill kept, we pro- 
tender of the services of himself and pose to show from the following pages. 
Company to the Confederate Govern- Many other toasts and ceremonies 
ment through Joseph K. Brown, then were indulged in by other members of 
Covernor of the State of Georgia, the. company, and their friends. Hon. 
which was accepted, and be was or- D)'. F.J. MeGehee made a very feel- 
dered to rendezvous at the Camp of ing farewell address to the Company, 
instruction at Atlanta, Ga., on the which was replied to by 1st. Lieut. 
25 th of May, whither nine other com- Chas. II. Richardson. Master ('has. 
panics had been ordered to rendez- C. Cray, Capt. of a company of boys 
vous at that time to organize the (Fort Valley Cadets) made a speech. 
Sixth Regiment of Georgia "Volunteers renowned for its patriotism and elo- 
( Infantry). Preparatory to a faith- quence. This was replied to, in aspir- 
in! compliance with this order, the ted manner, by Private ThosS Jones. 
Company paraded at Fort Valley on Although other companies were at 
the morning of the 24th, to await the same time being organized in 
the arrival of the train, which was to Houston county, the Beauregard Vol- 
take them to Atlanta, and to receive uuteers seemed to be the jiride and pet 
a handsomely decorated silk Hag to be of the community. The old men and 
presented by the ladies of Fort Valley ladies entered almost unanimously in- 
and vicinity in token of their high to the work of giving to that compa- 
appreciation of the valor and patriot- n.v a propitious start into the service. 

A meeting had been held at the M. L. 

XOTE. — Howell M. Rose was with Church in Fort Valley, by the more 

the Company at York town in I8GJ, prominent citizens of thai place and 

.,,,.1 ., «/u;n ;,. w<--> i ,,* i , .. vicinity, and after offering 1 a prayer 

aim a white in Lbu2; out lie was nev- . , •• , . . , , • ..»,..» 

to Almighty God, invoking divine ta- 

er mustered into service. His name vor and protection for the members of 

is therefore not. included in the roll, 1 lie company, the following named 



(■A. MP A ION Ol? I SI! 1 



gentlemen made liberal contributions uexl day, (25th.) The next day 

to defray tli e expenses of the company: (26th,) the liegiment was organized. 

Rev. Geo. W. Persons; Rev. William and consisted of the ten companies 

A. Skellie; Mr. Williamson Minims; named and designated in the follow- 

Mr. Miles L. Greene; Col. W. J. An- ing order, viz: 

derson; Mr. Jacob Hiley; Dr. K.J Mc "Sidney Brown Infantry;" Cap- 
Gehee; Mr. George W. Haslaiu; Hon. tain; William M. Arnold, designated 
James \V. llardisoii; Mr. J. J. Clark, Company "A." '•Lookout Infantry;'* 
and Mr. P. W. Gray. These contribn- Captain, .John II. Hannah, designat- 
ions far exceeded tlic amount neees- ed Company *'H." "Beauregard Vol- 
s try to defray the expenses, and these unteers;" Captain, Charles I). Andcr- 
liberal minded, whole-souled men son, designated Company "C." 
had to he importuned to desist from "Butler Volunteers;" Captain, James 
giving. M. Newton, designated Company •!).' 
The ladies prepared a sumptuous din- 'Crawford drays;' Captain, Wilde 0. 
uerat the Planters' Hotel, for the. Cleveland, designated Company "K." 
Company on the day of its departure. ••Mitchell Independents;" Captain. 
which was participated in by the Edward H. Shaekleford, designated 
••Crawford drays," the invited guests Company "F.\' '"Butler Vanguards:" 
of the Company. The ladies, old and Captain. John T. Griifiin, designated 
young, applied themselves assiduously. Company '"(I." "Baker Fire-Eat - 
to work some garment, or keep-sake, ers;" Captain, Alfred H. Colquitt, 
to present to the Company. When designated Company "H." "Twiggs 
we left Fort Valley, we had enough Guards;'' Captain John W. Barclay, 
baggage and trumpery to supply a designated Company "I." ''Gilmer 
whole division of troops in actual ser- lilacs;" Captain John T. Lofton, dc^- 
\ ice. This was perhaps the ignated Company "K." 
niosi gala da\ connected with Upon organizing the Regiment, 
the history of Fori Valley, and Captain Alfred II. Colquitt, of Com- 
the largest assemblage, to witness pany "II.." was elected Colonel. 
the departure of the "Beauregard Vol- Captain James M. Newton, of Com - 
unteers,'' for the theatre of war, that pany "D," was elected Lieutenant - 
ever assembled in that town before, on Colonel; and Philemon Tracy, Editor 
any occasion. Joy, Sorrow, enthusi- of the Georgia (Macon) Telegraph-, 
asm, patriotism, and tears, were free- was elected Major. It is but justice 
ly commingled. to the liegiment, to state in this con- 
The hoys were now brought to the nection, that this was the first Confed - 
trying ordeal of bidding adieu to the crate Regiment to tender its services 
loved ones who had to be left behind, to the Government for three years, or 
and giving to t hem the farewell-clasp during the existence of the war. On 
of the hand, and go forth to brave the the next day, (27th.,) the Regiment 
invading foe now rapidly concentrat- thus organized, left Atlanta for York- 
ing his forces along the frontier lines town. Ya.. whither it had been order- 
ed' the seceded States. This was gone ed for duty. Arrived at York town, 
through with, without the trickle of a the 2nd. of June, and temporarily id- 
tear, down the manly cheeks of a sin- taehed to a brigade commanded by 
gle one of this noble little patriot Brig. (ien. Gabriel J. Baines, (of tor- 
hand. In due time the train arrived, pedo notoriety.) Our Company was 
and the Company was soon en ruvte now, in connexion with the balance 
for Atlanta, whither it arrived the of the Regiment, assigned a long, la- 



Campaign of 1861. 



borious task of fatigue duty, fortify- after our arrival at Yorkto'wn, Colon - 

ing Yorktown, against the approaches c ] Colquitt superseded General Raines 

of the enemy to Richmond, up the • i » ,, , • ■, , 

i, • , J ,,rii 4i • c in command of the brigade, -and cum- 

renmsula. With this exception, Ave b ' 

remained comparatively inactive dur- manded it with the rank of Colonel, 

ing the remainder of the year, except acting brigadier General, till 18<i2, 

an occasional tramp down to Big when he was commissioned Brigadier 

Bethel, to watch the manoeuvres of General. To this Brigade, we were 

the enemy, which he occasionally dem- permanently attached, and so contiu- 

onstrated from that quarter. Shortly ued until the close of the war. 



CHAPTER II. 



We will now note the changes that- returned home, and enrolled himself 

occurred in the membership of the with the 57th Regiment, Georgia Vol- 

Company, during this war, with the unteers, (Infantry.) In this position 

names of those who died of disease he remained to the close of the war. 

contracted in the service. Second Lieutenant Bartlott M. 

Upon the organization of the Regi- Bateman, wholly disapproving of the 
ment, as before stated, 1st Lieutenant course pursued by the Company, tin- 
Charles II. Richardson, was elected del* Colonel Colquitt's order for tilling 
Surgeon; his health fading, he resign- vacancies by elect ion, instead of pro- 
ed, returned home, and after recover- motion, declared the course, to he lin- 
ing his health, organized a company, precedented, and at varience with 
and weid, again to the service as Capt- good discipline and the Army Regilla- 
ain in the 57th Georgia Regiment, tions; whereupon, ho resigned, re turn - 
(Infantry.) In this position he re- ed home, and enrolled himself with 
maincd to the close of the Avar. It is the 8th Georgia Cavalry. With this 
but simple justice to Dr. Richardson command he remained to the close of 
to state that, during the time he was the war. 

connected with our Regiment as Sur- Upon the resignation of 1st Lieut. 
geon, the Regiment passed through Seaborn S. .Minims. Dr. William 1. 
that worst of army scourges, the mca- Greene, not then a member of the 
sles. The Regiment was composed Company, was elected to lill his [dace. 
principally of young men, who were lie accepted the position. This oc- 
subject to this fell destroyer. \)i\ curred at the time the Regiment was 
Richardson was incessant in his ef- scourged with the measles. Lieut, 
forts, day and night, to alleviate the Greene assisted Surgeon Richardson 
sufferings of the victims, till his health in prescribing for, and nursing the 
failed, and he resigned at the advice sick. There were, at nni\ time, in our 
of his friends, lie will long be re- Company alone, including sick and 
. membered by those who survived the convalescents, seventy cases, victims 
disease under his skill and untiring to this dread scourge. His health 
energy in their behalf. soon failed, and he retired from held 
Third Lieut. Seaborn S. Minims, service, and was assigned to hospital 
was elected First Lieutenant, to lill duty, as Surgeon, in Macon, Georgia. 
the vacancy occasioned by the resigna- Upon the organization of the -loth 
tion of 1st Lieut. Charles II. Richard- Georgia Regiment, he again volunteer- 
son. He soon resigned this position, ed as Surgeon to that regiment. He 



1(1 



Campaign' of 1861, 



was soon compelled to again retire 
from field-service, on account of con- 
tinued ill health. Governor Brown 
now appointed him Surgeon-General 
of the 23rd Senatorial District, Geor- 
gia State troops. This imposed upon 
Dr. Greene, a high ami responsible 
duty, which he performed ably and 
faithfully. 

When the Georgia .Militia were cal- 
led into active service in 18(i4, he 
again volunteered as Surgeon to the 
3rd Militia regiment in General 0. D. 
Anderson's Brigade. The Medical 
department rinding him still unable 
for. field service, assigned him to hos- 
pital duty, where he remained to the 
close of the war. 

Second Sergeant James M. Culpep- 
per, who had been elected 3rd Lieut., 
tn till the vacancy caused by the elec- 
tion of 8 I'd Lieutenant Minims to the 
Office of 1st Lieutenant, was now 
promoted to the office of 1st Lieuten- 
ant. And Private Thus. S. Jones was 
elected 2nd Lieutenant, and Private 
Kmanuel Aultman was elected 3rd 
Lieutenant. His health soon failing, 
he resigned and returned home. 5th 
Corporal Jonathan D. Cowart was 
elected to lill his place. Private John 
M. .Miller was appointed Sergeant-Ma- 
jor of the Regiment. Orderly Ser- 
geant William W. Carries, having been 
elected to a Lieutenancy in another 
Command, was transferred. Name 
of command not recollected. Private 
Jefferson M. Gray was elected, to till 
his place. 3rd Sergeant George AW 
Bateman was discharged on the 
grounds of his physical disability. He 
)v\ urncd again to the company in 1863, 
.and remained, with il to the close of 
the war. 4th Sergeant Amos W. 
Murray was promoted '.'ml Sergeant 
to lill the vacancy made by the elec- 
tion of 2nd Sergeant Culpepper to the 
3rd Lieutenancy. 5th Sergeant Isaac 
X. Vinson was promoted 3rd Sergeant 
t . till the place of 4th Sergeant Mur- 



ray, promoted. Private Samuel Fel- 
dcr was elected 4th Sergeant. 1st 
Corporal Joel L. Disker was promo- 
ted 5th Sergeant. 2nd Corporal Le- 
onidas Baown, was promoted 1st Cor- 
poral. 3rd Corporal Hiley was pro- 
moted 2nd Corporal. 4th Corporal 
Thomas S. Clark was promoted 3rd 
Corporal. 5th Corporal Reuben A. 
Kilby was promoted *lth Corporal, 
and Private Jonathan D. Cowart was 
elected 5th Corporal. 3rd Corporal 
Thos. S. Clark died, and Private 
Bryant Vinson was elected to lill the 
vacancy. 5th Corporal Jonathan D. 
Cowart, was elected 2nd Lieutenant, 
and Private George VY. Cheves was 
elected to lill t be vacancy. 

Privates Solomon Aultman, John. 
W. Catling, Robert A. Miller and 
Samuel Gassett were discharged on 
account of age and physical infirma- 
ties. Private William S. Haddock, 
discharged upon the grounds of phys- 
ical disability, returned again to the 
Company in 1804, and remainsd to 
the close of the war Private V. M. 
.Murray, discharged upon the grounds 
of physical disability} afterward enter- 
ed the service with the 57th Georgia 
Regiment, ( Infantry, ) and was killed 
in battle. Private Spencer li. Sledge 
discharged on account of physical dis 
ability, soon after went into the Ma- 
rine service at Savannah, Ga., where 
he shortly afterward died. Privates 
Geo. \V. Piles, and George C. Plant 
were discharged upon the ground of 
physical disability, but afterward went 
into the service with the 57th Georgia 
Regiment, (Infantry,). as also did Pri- 
vate David 11. Hiley, who had been 
similarly discharged. In this position 
they remained to the close of the war. 
Private Wiley T. Sledge died at his 
home in Houston county Georgia. 
Privates William Hampton, and Wil- 
liam Young died at York town Virgin- 
ia, of disease contracted in the service. 

NOTE. — We emitted to state in 



('AMI'AU.N OK lSfi">. 



1 1 



its proper time and place thai Private Volunteers, and remained with it to 

Geo. M. 1). Hunt was elected 3d Cor- the close of the war. 

poral, and tilled the interim between ., ,. • lv • , ... 

!. i , f i + - .,i / « „. ,i r.,. Also, that Privates Danic Vinson 

the death ol 3d v or ooraJ I hos. S. , . ... ,. , 

,,ii ii- i ,i i • i am Leavin Vinson, were < use harged 

( lark and his own death, which oi> , , ,. , • , ,■ , r .,. 

t , „ , + - f ,. i • , i t : . rpi upon the grounds ot plnsiea di.-abi h- 

curreci soon alter Ins election. 1 hen i, ■ , ', •, • • . 

, •,. i r P1 ,,■;!,, ii,,. i- , ... , i iv. Daniel re-entered the service witli 

innate I heo phllus 1 lai dison was elee- •■ , , , , • ., , . ,., 

i, i , t;n t i ,. „ ,.i r l the oth Georgia Cavalry. Leavin did 
ted to Jill the vacancy : he soon died, 

. i i)..;,. f, n... ,f v;, ... i "ot attain re-enter on account ot eon- 

and Private liryant \ mson was elec- > ■ , , , i , 

. i »i i) • * -1.1 i \ w tinned lee he hea th. 
led. Also, rrivato LmanueJ Anlt- 

nian was elected .'5d Sergeant after the We will also further note in this 

discharge of 3d Sergeant Geo. \V. connection, thai 3d Corporal Thos. S. 

Bateman. He tilled this place till lie Clark was the lirsl to die of disease 

was elected '-id Lieutenant. Then 5th contracted in the service, and Private 

Sergt. Isaac N. Vinson, was promoted William Hampton the second. The 

to his place. Also, Privates .1. \. deaths of all who died of disease con- 

Hightower and Edward Dinkins were traeted in the service, occurred sue- 

discharged upon the grounds of ph ysi- cessively as they stand rotated in their 

cal disability. They afterwards uni- proper places, or as nearly so as the 

ted with the 57th Regiment Georgia facts could he arrived at. 



CHAPTER III. 



The dawn of this year found our 
Company at Vorktown, where it had 
been on duty the preceding year. The 
hoys, actually almost "spoiling tor a 
tight." The brilliant achievements 
won by the Confederate arms the pre- 
vious year inspired them with high 
hopes for the result of this year. They 
felt chargrilled that they had not been 
the honored participants in none of 
t he engagements that had won these 
brilliant achievements. They were 
therefore anxious to be led against the 
enemy, fearing lest the war should 
close before they could have a chance 
of fully trying their bands at the tug 
of war. This fear was shortly after- 
wards dispelled, as we shall see by 
tracing events a little further, and a 
different kind of fear aroused. 

After his defeat at Manassas on the 
2 1st of July, 1801, the enemy vigor- 
ously engaged in organizing and 
equipping a powerful army of 120,000 
men under the immediate supervision 
and command of (Jen. Geo. Ii. MeClel- 



lan, to operate against Richmond the 
ensuing year. This army was or- 
ganized at Washington and put in 
motion on the 8th of March. It was 
first directed against Gen. .lo.-peb K. 
.Johnston at Manassas, with a force of 
not over 30,000, all told. This world- 
renowned strategist and tactician 
adroitly withdrew this little army and 
established it near Richmond, thus 
eluding the threatened crushing blow. 
This caused Gen. McClcllan to change 
his line of operations. His plan was 
then to approach Richmond by the 
Chesapeake Hay, up the Peninsula, 
using the York River as a bast'. The 
Peninsula was at that time defended 
by Gen. J. liankhead Magruder, with 
a force of not over 11,000. To sup- 
port these, and check the advance of 
the overweliuing forces of the enemy 
now moving upon Richmond, up the 
Peninsula, (Jen. Johnston with the 
skill and strategy of a (ieucral indeed, 
set himself to work. lie concentra- 
ted all id' his available forces, amount- 



12 



CAMPAIGN OF ISIi-j. 



ijig to about 45,000, at or near Y/ork- 
fnwn. By tlio.se rapid movements, 
•.ml manoeuvres of Johnston j togel her 
wi tli the inclemency of the weather, 
and wretched condition <>f the roads, 
McClellan's advance was so retarded 
r hat it was not until May thai he 
reached as far as Yorktown. John- 
ston now evacuated Yorktown and re- 
tired before his formidable antagonist. 
Several encounters took place as John- 
ston, with consummate strategy oon- 
linned to retire before his formidable 
,i rtagonist. The most important of 
these was at Williamsburg. It oc-, 
cuiTcd on the morning of the 5th of 
May, just as the sun, with his silver- 
tinted lingers from behind the eastern 
horizon had gently Lifted the pavilion 
of darkness, and was looming forth 
his morning brilliancy with all of its 
radiant splendor, that a shot from the 
( lonfedcrate artillery announced to the 
enemy that the ground upon which he 
pressed his hostile feet was sacred, and 
would be every inch contested. The 
missies of death were soon hurling 
and plunging furiously through the 
air, while the earth seemed to quake 
and tremble beneath the loud thun- 
derings of deep-throated artillery, and 
;i shower of lead foil in torrents all 
['.round. Our Company was now, for 
t lie first, time, fully under the enemy's 
lire. The boys stood like heroes. 
They met the grim monster death as 
i 1 were, with a chivalry that would 
have done honor to the Spartan band 
at Thermopylae. They shrunk not 
nor faltered, but pressed onward in 
the cause they had so gallantly es- 
poused. Fortunately, we have no 
' euaii ies lo report. Our ( 'ompany 
passed through this terrific scene un- 
scathed. 

This, however, was bui the precur- 
sor to what soon after transpired, as 
we shall sec by tracing events a little 
i urther. The ad\ ance of t he enemy 
was now considerably cheeked, lie 



continued however, to advance slowly, 
swinging his mighty hosts around. 
pressing hard upon the Confederate 
left Hank till he reached the right 
bank of the Ohickahommy River. 
Here on the olst of May' the two 
armies met in deadly combat and 
fought the bloody battle known as the 
battle of the 8even Pines. Our com- 
mand was placed in position and 
ordered to make a vigorous assault 
upon the enemy's center. The charge 
had to be made up an acclivity diffi- 
cult of ascent on account of a dense 
growl h of under-brush. In less time 
than it, takes to pen these lines, ten of 
our gallant Company lay dead and 
wounded on the Held. 'The killed 
were: 5th Sergt. Samuel Folder and 
Privates Charles 11. Coussensand Bur- 
well T. Jordan. The wounded were: 
Orderly Sergeant" Jefferson M. Gray, 
:2d Sergt. Amos VY. Murray, :id Sergt. 
Isaac N. Vinson, and Privates Jas. M. 
Bynum, Kbcnee/,er W. Turner, Louis 
I K liuniph and Leonidas P. Sledge. 
The shock of this tenable battle had 
the effect to set McClellan back for a 
time, lie, however, resumed the ag- 
gressive, and continued to advance up 
the Ohickahominy to within a few 
miles of Richmond. In the mean- 
time, while Johnston had thus been 
holding McClellon in check, and 
thwarting -his plans, (low. Robert K. 
Lee had been recalled from the South- 
ern sea-coast to assist Johnston in 
command, and Gen. "Stonewall" 
Jackson* had been ordered down from 

*This appellation, which became so 
famous, look its origin from a remark 
made by lien. Bee a few minutes be- 
fore he fell in the battle Of Manassas, 
on the 21st duly, 1801. While rally- 
ing his men. who were wavering and 
likely to falter, he said: "There is 
Jackson standing like a stone wall." 
Gen. Jackson's proper name was 
Thomas John. 



Campaign of 1S(j2. 13 



the valley of the Shenandoah, lie 1st Sergt. Ulysses M. Gunn, while 
reached the field of action with 15,000 bearing his country's flag aloft, fell 
troops just in time to render the - assis- severely wounded ; his wound was so 
tance so much needed and to parry the severe as to permanently disable him 
blow now aimed at the Confederate from further active service during the 
Capitol from the enemy's right. The war. lie will probably never full} 
thunder of his guns on the evening of recover from it. lie held at the tune, 
the 2Gth of June, on the rear right the position of Regimental Ensign, 
flank of McClellan's army, Avhioh now Savage Station, the 29th; in this en- 
stood a straddle the Chickahominy, gagement our Company tool; no part, 
was the opening signal of the six day's not being present. Frayser's harm 
terrible life and death struggle which and White Oak Swamp; in these en- 
now ensued around the Confederate gagement s our Company, though ter- 
Capifol. The battles that were fought ribly exposed to the enemy's lire du- 
during this ever-memorable struggle ring 'heir entire duration, in which 
of six days duration, were under the the most heroic daring was displayed 
direction of Gen. Lee. who had sue- on both sides, suffered but one easu- 
ceeded to the chief command upon alty worth noting, Private Drcwry 
Gen. Johnston being severely wounded M. Bateman was killed. Malvern 
at Seven Pines, ami were as follows: Hill, the 21st of duly; in this engagc- 
Mechanicsvilleand Reaver-Dam Creek, inent Private William 'J 1 . Collins was 
the 26th; in these engagements our severely wounded. In this long, and 
Company suffered but one casualty, most sanguinary struggle, McClellan 
Private Daniel B. Hutto was wounded, was defeated and his ami}' complete!} 
(laines' Mill and Cold Harbor the routed. He sought and obtained 
27th; at Cold Harbor our Company refuge under cover of the heavy metal 
suffered severely. A recital of the of his gun-boats at Harrison's Land- 
casualties is revolting in the extreme, ing, on James River. Thus ended the 
They are as follows: 2d Lieut. Thus. Peninsula campaign as n was called. 
S. Jones; 1st Corpl. Leonidas Brown; The brilliant achievement won by 
and Privates J. W. Avera, Needham the Confederate arms in this scries of 
Bateman, Louis 11. Beddingtield, engagements, lost to (Jen. MeClellan 
Thos. N. Clark, John Cooper, John for a time, the command of the Grand 
C. Gammage, Hosea Gray don, Benj. Army of the Potomac. He was re- 
K. Hammock, William II. Leading- moved and Maj. (Jen. John Pope put 
ham, David R. Odom, Mark Sperry in command. This most sanguine 
and Ichabod N. Scarborough, were all officer, after recruiting ids army for a 
killed; 2d Corpl. Sam'l H. Hilev, 4tL time, to use his own language, estab- 
Corpl. Keubin A. Kilby, 5th Corpl. lished his '"headquarters in the sad- 
Geo. W. Oheeves, and Privates die*' and set out against Richmond 
Mat hew G. Avera, Thos. Butler, overland, by way of Manassas, where 
James Clark, Jonnathan F. Coussens, the Federal army had been so signally 
William S. Davis, Drcwry M. Jack- defeated under (Jen. Irwin McDowell, 
-son. Thos. A. Lowe, William M. Mc- in July of the previous year. To meet 
Donald, William Sorrell, Francis M. and repel this threatened invasion. 
Stripling and Joseph S. Vinson, were Gen. Lee put his army in motion on 
all severely wounded. Private Wil- the 18th of August. The two armies 
Ham Sorrell lost his right arm which met on the 30th on the rolling 
permanently disabled him from fur- grounds of Manassas, and fought the 
ther active service during the war second great battle which take their 



1 1 



Campaign of 1862. 



name after that place. In this battle 
our Company took no part, our Brig- 
ade having been held in reserve. The 
result of this was another brilliant 
achievement. The Army of Virginia, 
as it was now styled, was, with its 
most sanguine commander, Gen. 
Pope, completely routed and driven to 
his fortifications near Washington. 
This result not being satisfactory with 
(lie Federal authorities at Washing- 
ton, Gen. Pope was displaced and 
Gen. MeClellan again placed in com- 
mand. Elate,d by his success at .Ma- 
nassas, and for the purpose of pro- 
visioning his army, Lee now made an 
aggressive movement into Maryland. 
MeClellan followed him. En rente 
several engagements ensued between 
detachments of the two armies. The 
most important of these were Booncs- 
boro\ or South Mountain, on the lfth 
of September, and Harper's Ferry on 
the 15th. In each of these engage- 
ments our Company took an active 
part, but fortune so ordered it that we 
suffered no casualties. Two days 
afterwards, on the 17th, the two en- 
tire armies became terribly engaged at 
early dawn of day, in deadly conflict 
at Sharpsburg, and fought the bloody 
battle which takes its name after that 
place. This is known as the great 
drawn battle between Lee and .MeClel- 
lan, each holding his ground without 
any decisive result on either side. In 
this battle our Company suffered most 
terribly as we shall see. To our Brig- 
ade was assigned the onerous duty of 
defending a narrow pass in one of the 
ranges of Smith Mountain, through 
which, if McClellan's army was per- 
mitted to pass, the result would be 
the utter annihilation of Lee's army. 
This, of course, was well known to 
each commander. We boldly stood to 
the task, while wave after wave, from 
a vast ocean of living human soldiery, 
presenting as it were, an unbroken 
forest of "littering steel, rolled against 



us with the force and vehemence of a 
sliding avalanche down a mountain 
side. The battle soon grows furious, 
everything is stilled in the very silence 
of death, except the tierce battle-cry, 
the din ami clash of arms and the 
shrieks and groans of the wounded 
and living ; the elements are envel- 
oped in a cloud of smoke ascending 
the mid heavens, friends and comrades 
are falling on every hand, but no re- 
lief for us, our position must be held 
or all is lost, we nobly stand to it. 
gallant ly repulsing charge after charge 
from an infuriated enemy, grown well- 
nigh frantic over his fruitless efforts 
to expel us from this coveted strong- 
hold. Fortunately, nightfall puts an 
end to this dreadful conflict and we 
are relieved, carrying with us the 
proud cognomen of having held our 
position in the face of all the force 
and fury that could be brought against 
us. Our casualties in this terrible 
conflict were: Privates dames W. 
Giles. William M. Hartley, Andrew 
J. Mills and William II.' Lightfoot, 
killed; and Privates Louis F. Ander- 
son, Henry T. Brookins. Willis T. 
Odom, John d. Rumph, William F. 
McGehee, Corpl. Richard II. Powell, 
1st Lieut, dames M. Culpepper and 
2d Lieut. Jonnathan l>. Cowart, 
wounded, ('apt. Charles D. Ander- 
son was wounded and taken prisoner, 
as was also private William F. Mc- 
Gehee taken prisoner, who was soon 
after paroled. 

We stop for a moment to relate a 
little incident that occurred with 
('apt. Anderson while a prisoner at 
Foi't Delaware. He was permitted to 
address a letter to William Bryce & 
Co., Hardware Merchants, N. V.. 
and Louis B. Brown & Co., Clothing- 
Merchants, of the same city, with all 
of whom he had dealt extensively be- 
fore flic war, and between whom and 
himself an undisturbed friendship ex- 
isted; setting forth his destitute con- 



Campaign, of 1802. 



15 






dition unci asking them to afford him 
some temporary relief. These gener- 
ous hearted merchants responded 
promptly. Bryce & Co., sent him 
fifty dollars in cash, and Brown & Co., 
sent about fifty dollars worth of cloth- 
ing. After taking a bare sufficiency 
to meet his own actual necessities, 
Capt. Anderson promptly distributed 
the remainder among his destitute 
comrades. We have simply adverted 
to this circumstance to show the gen- 
erous hearted disposition that has 
ever characterized this noble hearted 
man in every department of life. 

We will again resume the subject. 
On the morning after the battle it was 
found by inspection that out of our 
entire Brigade there were not over 
200 men able to report for duty. It 
was on this occasion that (Jen. Col- 
quitt shed tears at seeing the ex- 
tent of the suffering of his gallant 
Brigade in the previous day's action. 

On the 22d, five days after this bat- 
tle, President Lincoln issued his cele- 
brated Emancipation Proclamation. 
This gave a new turn to the war. and 
stimulated quite an impetus to its 
more vigorous prosecution. Especial- 
ly upon the part of the Confederates 
who now resorted to every available 
means to push the war forward on a 
more gigantic scale than ever before. 
Shortly after the issuing of this proc- 
lamation McClellan was again dis- 
placed and (Jen. Ambrose E. Burn- 
side, supposed at the time to be in 
full sympathy with the emancipa- 
tionists, was placed at the head of the 
Grand Army of the Potomac. This 
new chief immediately set himself to 
work and inaugurated another grand 
campaign against Richmond. I lis 
chosen line of approach to that much 
coveted city, was a long over-land 
route by the way of Fredericksburg. 
Now, under the ever active and un- 
tiring "Stonewall" Jackson, we were 
put on a forced march of ten days' dura- 



t ion, marching on an average of twenty 
miles each day. We started on this 
march from Strasburg on the morn- 
ing of the 20th of November, in the 
midst of a violent snow-storm. Burn- 
side reached Fredericksburg about the 
(Jth of December, and found himself 
confronted by (Jen. Lee from the op- 
posite banks of the Rappahannock 
River. He crossed the river about 
the 10th and gave battle on the 13th. 
This is known as the battle of Fred- 
ericksburg. The two entire armies 
became engaged in this terrible con- 
flict. The contest, was heroic on both 
sides. Our Company, though exposed 
to the enemy's tire during the entire 
battle of two days' duration, was so 
fortunate as to pass through un- 
harmed. The result of this bat tie was 
the complete routing of Burnside, and 
driving back his army with great loss 
across the Rappahannock. All fur- 
ther active' operations on both sides 
now ceased for this year, and the two 
armies here went into winter quarters. 
(The result of the battle at Fredericks- 
burg nol being satisfactory with the 
authorities at Washington, Burnside 
was removed and Gen. Joseph Hook- 
er was put in command.) Here the 
curtain of time dropped upon the 
closing scene of this year. 

CHAPTER IV. 

We will now note the changes that 
occurred in the membership of the 
Company during this year, together 
with the names of those who died of 
disease contracted in the service. 

Capt. Charles I). Anderson was 
promoted to the rank of Major, to 
wear the star of the gallant Major 
Philemon Tracy, killed in battle at 
Sharpsburg on the 17th of September. 
1st Lieut. James M. Culpepper was 
promoted Captain, to till Anderson's 
place. 2d Lieut. Jonnathan D. Cow- 
art was promoted 1st Lieutenant, to 
fill Culpepper's place, and lid Lieut. 



u; 



Campaign of 1862. 



Jefferson M. Gray, who had this year 
been elected to fill the place made va- 
cant by the promotion of 3rd Lieuten- 
ant Co wart to the 2nd Lieutenancy, 
upon the death of 2nd Lieut. Jones, 
killed in battle at Cold Harbor on the 
27th of June, was promoted 2nd Lieu- 
tenant, to fill Cowart's place. 

Private Seaborn M. Hunt was elect- 
ed 3rd Lieutenant, to fill the vacancy 
made by the promotion of 3rd Lieut. 
Gray. Upon the election of Orderly 
Sergeant Jefferson M. Gray to the 3rd 
Lieutenancy, to fill the place made va- 
cant by the promotion of 3rd Lieut. 
Cowart to the 2nd Lieutenancy after- 
the death of 2nd Lieut. Thomas S. 
Jones, killed in battle at Cold Harbor 
on the 29th of June, as before stated, 
2nd Sergt. Amos W. Murray was pro- 
moted Orderly Sergeant, and 3d Sergt. 
Isaac N. Vinson was promoted 2nd 
Sergeant, and 5th Sergt. Joel L. Dis- 
eker was promoted 3rd Sergeant. 4th 
Sergeant Samuel Felder having been 
Jrilled in battle at Seven Pines on the 
3l!)t. of May, as before stated, 2nd 
Corporal Simuel II. Hiley was pro- 
moted 4th Sergeant. 

i;t Corporal Lconidas Brown hav- 
ing been killed in battle at Cold llar- 
boi on the 27th of June, as before 
etated; 3rd Corporal Bryant Vinson 
was promoted 5th Sergeant. Private 
Richard H. Powell was elected 1st 
Corporal, and Private Talbot G. Ham- 
mock was elected 2nd Corporal, 4th ■ 
Corporal Reuben A. Kilby was pro- 
moted 3rd Corporal, and 5th Corporal 
Geo. \V. Cheves was promoted 4th 
Corporal. Private Lewis F. Ander- 
son was transferred to Butler's South 
Carolina Cavalry, then on duty in that 
State. With this command he remained 
to the close of the war. C. D. Ander- 
son, Jr. was discharged on the grounds 
of physical disability. He never af- 
terward joined any branch of the ser- 
vice. Privates Chas. G. Gray, Green 
Avcra, and Thos. 0. Skellie, being 



minors, were discharged. Upon arri- 
ving at full age, they again entered 
the service with the Western army. 

5th Corporal Ceo W. Cheves was 
placed upon detached service with the 
Signal Service Department in Virginia. 
With this department he remained to 
the close of the war. Private John 
Etheridge was dischaged upon the 
grounds of physical disability, lie 
again entered the service with the 
Southern Bights Battery where he 
shortly afterwards died of disease con- 
tracted in the service. 

Private William M. Ilaslam was ap- 
pointed Hospital Steward. In this po- 
sition he remained to the close of the 
war. Dr. Ilaslam will long be re- 
membered by those, for whose welfare 
he ever exerted himself to the best of 
his ability, and exercised the most vig- 
ilant care. Private William F. Mc- 
Gehee was appointed to a position as 
orderly on Gen. Colquitt's non-com- 
missioned staff. In this position ho 
remained to the close of the war. 

Private John 0. Humber was trans- 
ferred; but the commaud to which 
the transfer was made, not recollected. 

On the grand, but fatiguing march 
into Maryland, Private Sumter Belvin 
being sick, broke down, and was sud- 
denly missing. We afterwards learn- 
ed that he was captured by the enemy, 
among whom, he met an old school- 
mate, who had him kindly cared for 
imtil he he got well; after which, ho 
was sent to Point Lookout, Md., where 
he died. His remains were brought 
home after the war. 

Sergtcant-Major John M. Miller, 
was transferred to a Cavalry command 
in Louisiana — name and number of 
command not recollected. With this 
command he remained to the close of 
the war. 4th Corporal Reuben A. Kil- 
by was furloughed, and never return- 
to the Company. The cause of his 
delinquency has never been known. 
His home was in Florida, and he waa 



Campaign or 160.-2. 












was furloughed to that Stale, and we 
k'am joined a Cavalry command. 

Private John Mayo was furloughed 
and returned to his home, which was 
in Florida. He voluntarily united 
with some Florida Militia, and was 
killed hi askermish near Marianna 
Florida. 

Private Uriah Slappy was discharg- 
ed upon the grounds of physical dis- 
ability. Whether he afterward united 
with any branch of the service not 
recollected. 

Private John D. Aultman died at 
i.i hospital at Winchester, Virginia, of 
disease contracted in the service. Pri- 
vate Stephen D. Clark died in a hos- 
pital at Richmond, Virginia, of dis- 
ease contracted in the service. Pri- 
vate Alexander Finlayson died in 
cam u of disease contracted in the ser- 
vice. Corporal Theophalos Hardison 
died at. his home in Houston comity, 
Georgia, of disease contracted in the 
service. Corporal Ceo. M. D. Hunt 
died at his home in Houston county, 
Georgia, of disease contracted in the 
eervice. Privates D. Hearn and 0, 
Hear n died at their home in Houston 
county, Georgia, of disease contracted 
in tiie' service." Private James M. Ma- 
son died at his home in Houston coun- 
ty, Georgia, of disease contracted in 
the service. Private Alexander Sul- 
livan died from accidentally treading 
bare-footed on an inverted nail which 
pierced through his foot, producing 
lock-jaw. Death ensued almost in- 
stantly. Private. Allen Sullivan died 
in camp of disease contracted in the 
service. Private Andrew J. Shirah 
died of small-pox at a field-hospital 
near Fredericksburg, Virginia. Sergt. 
Ulysses M. Gunn, of whom mention 
has already been made in the third 
Chapter, was, for meritorious conduct 
on the battle-iield at Seven Pines, on 
the 31st of May, in triumphantly and 
gallantly bringing the colors out of 
that bloody battle, after Sergeant 



Ensign, and ail 
it had been kil- 
ipointed Regi- 
iie rank and 
Infant:')'. On 
.rried the col- 



McElvain, the gallant 
the guard except himsi 
led Ci<.'in\ on the field, a 
imental Ensign, with 
pay of 1st Sergeant of 
the 27th of June, lie e 
org aloft into the battle of Cold Har- 
bor, and fell severely wounded. ITo 
was borne from the held by 

Lieutenant Culpepper. The flesh and 
muscles were lacerated, and thigh and 
hip bones fractured for nineteen inch- 
es. His recovery was miraculous. The 
loss of blood was so great, he remained 
in a stupor tor live days, not being 
able during that time to hold up his 
head without fainting. On the next 
day, 28th, Dr. Henry A. Mettauer, 
the very efficient and energetic Sur- 
geon of our Regiment, extracted the 
ball. Two davs afterward, on the 
30th, he was sent to Richmond, and 
placed in the Seabrook Hospital. 
Mere lie remained in a delirious state 
till his brothel-, Avho had been tele- 
graphed for, arrived and removed him 
to a private house on Maine street. 
Here he lingered between life and 
death till August, when he was re- 
moved home, where he remained su- 
pinely on his back till November. 

Being cptite young when the war 
commenced, and his education unfin- 
ished, he doeided in the following 
Spring to resume his studies under 
his former instructor, Prof. .lames F. 
Crossland, then rector of the Male 
High School at Marion, Twiggs coun- 
ty, Georgia. He soon left, this school 
on account of prevalence of scarlet fe- 
ver, and entered the Mount Zion High 
School in Hancock county, Georgia, 
where he remained till the passage of 
an Act by the Confederate Congress, 
approved the 14th of February 18tJ4, 
taking into service of a sedentary na- 
ture the maimed soldiery. Whereup- 
on Sergeant Gunn, though yet upon 
his crutches, reported promptly for 
duty at Macon, Georgia. He was ;*p- 



18 



Campaign of 1803. 



pointed enrolling officer, and assigned 
duty in Dooly county, Georgia. Find- 
ing in that county 124 men due the 
Government service under said Act. 

lie consented, at their request, to 
lead them as Captain, and reported 
promptly at Macon, Georgia, with 
them for duty, and was mustered into 
service as Company "G," Fifth Regi- 
ment of Georgia Reserves. 

This regiment was appointed 
guard of the Macon stockade, con- 
taining 1,100 Federal officers, held as 
prisoners of war. Here the regiment 
remained on duty till Stoneman's raid, 
the latter part of this year. To Capt. 
Gunn was assigned the duty of search- 
ing Gen. Stoneman and removing the 
contraband articles when Stoneman 
was brought into Macon a prisoner. 
After this raid of Stoneman, the reg- 
iment was ordered to the front at 
Lovejoy's Station. Soon after this, 
the regiment was ordered to Savannah 
by way of Thomasville, to meet Sher- 
man's invading army. 

Upon the evacuation of Savannah, 
the regiment was withdrawn through 
South Carolina. It is but merited 
justice to Capt. Gunn to state that, 
during the entire campaign of his sec- 
ond entry into the service, he was un- 
able to march without the aid of 
crutches or stick. 

NOTE. — We omitted to mention at 



the proper time and place, that Pri- 
vate George W. Slappy was wounded 
at Sharpsburg, Maryland, on the 17th 
of September. And, also, that Pri- 
vate Alexander Gloxier was killed in 
that battle, as was also Private Ste- 
phen Corder. And that Sergeant 
Major John M. Miller was severely 
wounded at Mechanicsville on the 26th 
of June. 

We will also note in conclusion a 
little incident which occurred on the 
night of the 19th of September, two 
days after the battle of Sharpsburg, 
and the night on which Lee, closely 
pursued by McClellan, rccrosscd the 
Potomac near Shepherdstown. Pri- 
vate Charles D. Anderson, Jr. being 
in feeble health, and unable to wade 
the river, and dreading to be left be- 
hind as he would inevitably fall into 
the hands of the enemy, Private Wen- 
dell D. Croom took him on his back 
and boldly waded into the river, and 
carried him safely across. This oc- 
curred at about three o'clock in the 
night. This would have forcibly re- 
minded one of the old saying of the 
"kitten toting the old cat", as both 
men at that time, would not, if weigh- 
ed together, have weighed two hun- 
dred pounds. The river at this point, 
at low water, was about one hundred 
yards wide, and from knee to waist 
deep to a man of ordinary height. 



CHAPTER Y. 



TriE opening of this Campaign 
found our Company on the right banks 
of the Rappahannock river, where the 
curtain of time dropped upon it at the 
closing scene of last year, sullenly con- 
fronting the enemy from the opposite 
banks of that river. General Joseph 
Hooker, who had superceded General 
Btirnside in command of the Grand 
Army of the Potomac, as before sta- 
ted, had employed the Winter in re- 



organizing and equipping the army. 

He seemed to take it for granted 
that Lee would instantly quail and re- 
tire before this grand array of milita- 
ry strength of a hundred thousand 
strong. He therefore put it in mo- 
tion on the 27th of April, moving 
against Richmond, overland by way of 
Chancellorsville. 

General Lee, however, with his 50, 
000 men, did not retire. He gave 



Campaiqn of 18G3. 



l!) 



battle for four days, beginning on the 
2'Jtli — meeting Hooker's divisions at 
every point of assault; and, by skillful 
manoeuvres, made several suecessful 
assaults himself. It was now that the 
celebrated flanker, Gen. (Stonewall) 
Jackson, to whose command our Com- 
pany was attached, made Ins famous 
flank movement around Hooker's ar- 
my, completely gaining his rear, and, 
undiscovered, got his corps in position, 
and on Saturday evening, first day of 
May, at about one hour of the sun, 
opened fire upon Hooker's rear, and 
fought what is known as the battle of 
Wilderness Church. In this battle, 
our Company suffered the following 
casualties: Privates .las. Corbet t and 
James Lominac were, each wounded 
in the left hand. Private Wendell D. 
Croom had the little finger of his 
right hand broken by a fragment of 
exploded shell. Nightfall put an end 
to this conflict. The two armies biv- 
ouaced for the night, determined to 
renew the conflict at day-light the 
next morning. The ever active and 
indomitable (Stonewall) Jackson, in 
making a hasty rcconnoissance of the 
enemy's position during the night, 
lost his life. The fatal shot came 
by mistake from his own lines. At 
day-light next morning, witb almost 
unprecedented fury upon both sides, 
the tight was renewed, and what is 
known as the battle of Chancellors- 
ville was fought. In this bloody and 
never-to-be-forgotten struggle, our 
Company suffered the following casu- 
alties: Major Charles D. Anderson, 
3rd Lieutenant Seaborn M. Hunt, Or- 
derly Sergeant Amos \V. Murray, 2nd 
Sergeant Isaac N. Vinson, 1st Corpor- 
■al Richard U. Powell, and Private 
Jonnathan F. Coussens were wound- 
ed. 

The result of this battle was the de- 
feat of Gen. Hooker, and the driving 
back of his Grand Army, with great 
loss across the Rappahannock, We 



are now about to take leave of the Ar- 
my of Northern Virginia. Shortly 
after this battle, Major General I). II'. 
Hill, to whose division our Brigade 
had been attached at the evacuation 
of Yorktown, and with which we had 
remained up to this time, was trans- 
ferred to the command of the Depart- 
ment of North Carolina, with his 
head-quarters at Kinston. We were 
sent with him. We arrived at Kins- 
ton in the latter part of May, and im- 
mediately entered upon the duties of 
this, to us, new field of operations. 

We were now a sort of independent 
Brigade. 

Our quiet was, however, soon dis- 
turbed. Lee's grand raid into Penn- 
sylvania, had, to some extent, left 
Richmond uncovered. This was tak- 
en advantage of by the Federals; and 
a Cavalry expedition fitted out, 
headed by Kilpatrick and Dalghrcn. 
The object was, the release of the Fed- 
eral prisoners, and leave them to burn 
the city, and kill the Confederate 
President and Cabinet. The strength 
of this expedition not being fully 
known, caused great alarm and anxie- 
ty for the safety of Richmond. We 
were at once ordered to Richmond to 
meet this expedition, and parry the 
threatened blow now aimed at the 
Confederate Capitol. We left Kins- 
ton on the 4th of July and arrived at 
Richmond on the 6th'. In the mean 
time, and before our arrival at Rich- 
mond, the expedition had been defeat- 
ed by some Virginia Militia and citi- 
zens, and Dalghreri, one of its leaders, 
killed. The expedition made its es- 
cape down the Peninsula. 

During the early part of this year, 
a powerful armada had been fitted 
out from the Northern ports under 
the direction and command of General 
Seymour ami Com. Farragut. The 
object was. the capture of Charleston 
and reduction of Fort Sumter. We 
were now ordered to Charleston 10 



ao 



Campaign of 18G3. 



meet and repel this threatened inva- 
sion. We reached Charleston about 
tlie 15th of Jul), and took quarters 
on James Island. The first duty as- 
signed us in this new field, was the 
chastisement on the 16th of some 
colored troops which held possession 
of the Western end of the Island. 

The result was, these sable colored 
gentlemen were handsomely thrashed 
and driven off the Island. The next 
duty assigned us was the garrisoning, 
for four days, of Battery Wagner, on 
Morris Island, commencing on the 
21st. During these four days the en- 
emy's whole floating strength was 
brought to bear upon this fort. 

This was the most terrible scrape 
that we had gotten into during the 
war — bad weather, bad fare, bad duty, 
and bad everything. We were so for- 
tunate, however, as to have but one 
casualty: Private Elias Adams was- 
killed by a shell at (jamming's Point, 
on the Eastern end of the Island. 

The remainder of this year was em- 
ployed successively, and by detail in 
garrisoning the different points of de- 
fence of the approaches to the port of 
entry to the harbor of Charleston. 

During one of these periods of ser- 
vice in Fort Sumter, Private John S. 
Price was badly burned by the acci- 
dental explosion of one of the powder- 
magazines, he being on duty at the 
time at the entrance to the magazine. 
Late in the winter all active opera- 
tions ceased on both sides, except the 
continual bombardment of Fort Sum- 
ter, and we went into winter-quarters. 

Here the curtain of time fell upon 
the closing scene of this year. 

CHAPTER VI. 

"We will now note the changes Avhich 
occurred in the membership of the 
Company during this year, together 
with the names of those who died of 
disease contracted in the service. 
Major Charloa D. Anderson was pro- 



moted Lieutenant-Colonel to fill the* 
vacancy made by the resignation of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Wilde C. Cleve- 
land, immediately after the battle at 
Chancellorsvillc,. on the 2nd of May. 
He was also elected, in the Fall of the 
year, by an overwhelming majority 
over all opposition, to represent 
Houston county in the Georgia Legis- 
lature. As wcare now about to part 
with this distinguished citizen and 
soldier, we deem it but merited justice 
to him, as the first head of the Com- 
pany, that we say in this connexion, a 
few words in his behalf, and trace him 
through the war. Upon leaving the 
army to take his seat in the Legisla- 
ture, not being entirely well of the 
wounds received in battle at Chancel- 
lorsvillc on the 2nd of May, he was 
recommended by the Surgeon of our 
Regiment, to procure a position of 
light duty. Accordingly after the 
adjournment of the Legislature, he 
applied to Commissary Gen. North- 
»-rop, who ordered him to report to 
Capt. A. M. Allen, of Columbus, who 
had charge of purchasing commissa- 
ries. This officer assigned him to the 
Department of Southern Georgia to 
purchase corn, bacon, &c. Col. An- 
derson also held, at this time, a com- 
mission as Aid-de-camp to Governor 
Brown with the rank of Colonel. 

He had but just entered upon the 
duties assigned him by Capt. Allen, 
when he was ordered to Atlanta to 
assist in organizing the militia. 

He left the purchasing-supply busi- 
ness in the hands of carefully selected 
sub-agents, and repaired at once to 
Atlanta, where he was engaged for a 
while in organizing the Militia, and 
placing them upon a war-footing. 

Being a staff ollicor, he was not en- 
titled to command; but, by the con- 
sent and request of all the line officers, 
took command of the first regiment 
formed. He now sent up his resigna- 
tion to the War-Department resigning 



Campaiun* of 18C3. 



"1 



as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 6th Reg- 
iment, Georgia Volunteers, which was 
accepted. In a few days, Governor 
Brown turned over the Militia upon 
certain conditions to the Confederate 
Authorities, and thereby the Militia 
became to a certain extent Confederate 
troops, and were ordered by General 
Joseph E. Johnston to the left of his 
line on Pea Ridge. Hence Colonel 
Anderson is again in the army as a 
Confederate soldier. The first day 
after taking this position, Colonel An- 
derson's Regiment was engaged in the 
skirmish at Pea Ridge. After the 
skirmish at Pea Ridge, Johnston's ar- 
my fell back to the west bank of the 
Chattahoochee River, the Militia 
bringing up the rear, and protecting 
the rear at Turner's Ferry till the 
whole army crossed over under a heavy 
artillery lire. Upon the army arri- 
ving at Atlanta, Colonel Anderson 
was unanimously elected Brigadier 
General, and took command of the 
3rd Brigade of Georgia Militia. Gen. 
Anderson's Brigade was engaged in 
the battle of Atlanta on the 2 ( .)th '«of 
Juno, lttii-i, and in defending the 
city till it was evacuated. 

When Sherman evacuated Atlanta, 
and advanced upon Savannah, the Mi- 
litia retired before him to .Macon. 
Sherman's army passed above Macon. 
The entire Georgia Militia, now under 
command of Major General Phillips, 
were ordered forward, and struck 
Sherman at Griswoldville, and fought 
the never-to-be-forgotten battle for its 
misconception and mismanagement 
upon the part of the officers who plan- 
ned it. In this battle, Gen. Ander- 
son's Brigade bore a conspicuous part. 
Indeed the little success that perched 
upon the Confederate banners in this 
unfortunate affair, was attributable to 
the coolness and precision of General 
Anderson and General 11. K. McCay. 
The Brigade was engaged from two 
o'clock P. M. till dark, lighting against 



an odds of about ten to one, and lost 
175 men killed and wounded. Gen'l 
Anderson's horse was wounded under 
him in two places, and the capo of his 
coat and his hat were perforated in 
several places by Federal bullets. It 
is said that the Militia in this engage- 
ment, behaved with the coolness and 
bravery of veteran soldiers. After 
this battle, the Militia were ordered 
to Savannah via Albany and Tbomas- 
ville, and placed upon duty upon the 
extreme right of the line of defence. 

In the hasty, hazardous retreat 
across the mouth of Savannah River, 
upon a hastily constructed pontoon 
bridge, Gen. Anderson's Brigade per- 
formed one of the most dangerous 
feats of the war, In order to elude 
the notice of the enemy, the troops 
were crossed during the darkness [-of 
night. Gen. Anderson's Brigade cov- 
ering the retreat, was of course the 
last to cross. 

This occurred about three o'clock 
in the night, The Brigade had bare- 
ly cleared the bridge, when upon the 
rapidly swelling influx of the tide its 
moorings gave way and its couplings 
became detached, it was almost in- 
stantly a total wreck. Had this oc- 
curred while the Brigade was on the 
bridge, the result must have been the 
drowning of the entire Brigade, as 
the river was wide and deep, and the 
weather cold. Upon the elllux of the 
tide the wreck floated out to sea. 

^ hen Gen. Sherman left Savannah 
and advanced into the Carolinas, the 
Militia withdrew through South Caro- 
lina into Georgia. 

We must now resume the subject 
proper. 

4th Sergeant Samuel II. Hiley was 
appointed Regimental Wagon-Master 
with the rank and pay of 1st Serjeant 
of Infantry. 

In this position he remained to the 
close of the war. oth Sergeant Bry- 
ant Vim-oti was promoted 4th Ser- 



SJ2 Campaign or 1804. 

goaut to fill Hiley's place. 3rd Ser- fill the place of Vinson, promoted, 
geant Joel L. Diseker was assigned to 2nd Corporal Talbot G. Hammock 
the Ordinance Department in the Ar- was promoted 5th Sergeant, 
mory at Macon, Georgia, from which Private Henry B. Vinson was elect- 
place, we are under the painful neccs- ed 1st Corporal. Private John I. Ilar- 
sity of saying, lie deserted and went ris was elected 2nd Corporal. 3rd 
to the enemy the following year, and Corporal Reuben A. Kilby was conthi- 
for which crime he was promptly re- ued 3rd Corporal. Private James F. 
duced to ranks. This was the first McDonald was elected 4th Corporal. 
and only desertion that ever occurred Private .lames Etheridge died at Rieh- 
in our Company. 4th Sergeant Bry- mond, Va., of disease contracted in 
ant Vinson was promoted 3rd Ser- the service. Private Elijah Etheridge 
geant to fill the place of Disiker, de- died in camps of disease contracted in 
t ached. 1st Corporal Richard II. the service. 
Powell was promoted 4th Sergeant to 



The dawn of this Campaign, found quitt's) was dispatched to moot (his 

us where the curtain of time fell upon invading foe. We left Charleston on 

us at the closing scene of last year; the 8th and arrived at Lake City, Fla. 

snugly encamped on James Island, about the 15th. 

near Charleston, South Carolina, We take the liberty of stopping just 
where we had, as before stated, been here to tell of the kind reception we 
on duty part of the preceeding year, met with at Madison C. II., Florida, 
During the latter part of January, at the hands of the ladies of that place. 
and early part of February, our (Join- Learning that we were en route lor the 
pan y was detailed to assist in garris- defence of the "'Land of Flowers,'' 
oning Fort Sumter in Charleston bar- and parry the threatened blow now 
bor for thirteen days and nights. l)u- aimed at their homes, and that we 
ring this period of trying service, the would pass through their town, they 
fort was exposed to a most terriffic had prepared for us a sumptuous din- 
bombardment from the enemy's gun- ner of such viands as they knew wc uld 
boats. He brought his whole floating bo heartily relished by hungry soldier*, 
strength to bear upon the fort, strik- After dinner, in behalf of our com- 
ing it on an average with 2.0(10 shots maud, the accomplished Bennett 
every twenty-four hours, weighing Stewart, of Company "G"of our Rcg- 
i'rom 32 to 300 pounds. intent, tendered the thanks of the 

Fortunately, however, we suffered command to the ladies for this lnaui- 

Imt one casualty. Private Wendell festation of their appreciation of our 

i). Croom was wounded slightly on services in their behalf, lie assured 

(he right hand by a fragment of ex- them that their homes should be pro- 

plodcd shell. During the month of tec ted at all hazzards, and the enemy 

February, an invading force was sent driven from their Slate. Having ar- 

irom the vicinity of Charleston, South rived, as before stated, at Lake City, 

Carolina, to Jacksonville Florida, un- and having reconnoitercd the enemy's 

do- command of General Seymour, strength and position, wo set, out to 

having for its object, the subjugation meet him, now moving on Tallahassee 

of (he hitter Stale. Upon this be- from Jacksonville. We met him on 

coining known, our Brigade (Col- the 20th, at Ocean Pond, and fought 



Campaign of 1804. 



the bloody little battle which takes its 
name after that place. 

Here, after a close hand-to-hand 
fight of about five hours duration, un- 
der the invincible Colquitt, as Field- 
Marshall of the day, a most brilliant 
victory was won. 

The enemy, with his colored allies, 
was once more made to bite the dust 
and feel ihe force of Southern steel. 

Nothing but the unconquerable en- 
ergy of the indomitable Colquitt, and 
the indomitable pluck of the men he 
led against the enemy in this contest, 
saved us from utter defeat — the odds 
were so great against us. Our line of 
battle crossed the Jacksonville and 
Tallahassee Railroad at right angles. 
We were assisted by two 32-pounder 
field-guns, mounted on a car, and run 
out from Olustee Station by an engine 
fully protected by a breast-work of 
cotton bales arranged on two interven- 
ing cars. These guns played sad hav- 
oc with the enemy's lines. In this 
battle we had three separate lines of 
battle to contend with, two lines of 
colored troops in front, urged forward 
by a line of white troops in their rear. 

About dark the enemy's lines wav- 
ered and fled in wild confusion to 
Jacksonville, stopping at Baldwin, 
the junction of the Jacksonville and 
Tallahassee, and Feniundina and Ce- 
dar Keys Railroads, only long enough 
to destroy their munitions of war, and 
commissary stores. 

In this battle, our Company suffer- 
ed the following casualties. Privates 
John S. Price, William I. Shines, 
James Clark, William C. Gray, and 
John C. Davidson were wounded. 
The wound of Price was such as to 
permanently disable him from further 
active service during the war. Pri- 
vate Josiah Avcrn was killed. In the 
death of little "Si" the Company lost 
a noble soldier, ami the country a 
good citizen. 

Wc are now about to return to the 



Army of Northern Virginia, after an 
absence of about twelve months on 
other duty; the history of which, we 
have just traced. In the opening of 
this Campaign, the Federal Govern- 
ment contemplated three grand ob- 
jects: 

First. A powerful army to be led 
against Atlanta, Georgia, by General 
W. T. Sherman; to which, General 
Joseph E. Johnston stood opposed at 
Dalton, Georgia. 

Second. A powerful army to be 
led against Richmond, by Gen. Ulys- 
ses S. Grant, whose brilliant achieve- 
ments in the West had won for him 
great eclat and distinction, and who 
was now raised to the rank of Lieuten- 
ant General and placed in command of 
the entire Federal army, with his 
head-quarters in Virginia. To this 
General Lee stood opposed at Rich- 
mond. 

Third. The capture of Charleston, 
and subjugation of Florida, by Gen'l. 
Seymour. To this, Gen. Beauregard, 
in command of the department of the 
South, stood opposed at Charleston. 
This latter soon failed, as we have 
seen, and Gen. Seymour was with- 
drawn to re-enforce Grant in Virginia. 

L r pon the withdrawal of ■ General 
Seymour's forces from Florida ami 
Charleston, General Beauregard, with 
his forces, was transferred to the 
South-side Department in Virginia, 
with his head-quarters at Petersburg. 
We left Florida on the 2nd of .May, 
and arrived at Petersburg the 9th. 

About this time, the enemy suc- 
ceeded in establishing his lines be- 
tween Petersburg and Drewry's Bluff. 
General Beauregard, who happened 
at the time to be in Petersburg, was 
thus cut off from the main body of 
his forces, which was at or near Drew- 
ry's Bluff. (The enemy's lines here 
referred to, consisted only of a brigade 
of cavalry flankers, extended on the 
enemy's left.) We, assisted bv the 



Campaign of 18C4. 



5th North Carolina Cavalry, and the 
Crescent City Artillery, escorted 
Beauregard through these lines on the 
night of the 11th. We were twice 
during the night aligned for battle, 
but the enemy declined, and the bat- 
tles did nut ensue. On the 16th was 
fought the battle of Drewry's Bluff. 
In this battle, General Benjamin F. 
Butler was in command on the Fed- 
eral side with an army of 30,000, 
while Beauregard had not exceeding 
15,000 all told. The enemy's line of 
battle was nearly in the form of a 
semi-circle, its right resting on the 
right banks of the James River, a few 
miles below Drewry's Bluff. The as- 
sault was made by Beauregard at day- 
break on the morning of the 16th on 
the enemy's extreme right. A South 
Carolina brigade made the assault, 
but was repulsed. A Tennessee brig- 
ade was then ordered to the assault, 
which was, in like manner, repulsed 
and set back. At this critical junct- 
ure, our Brigade, which was held in 
reserve, was ordered forward. We 
raised a hideous yell and rushed t,<> 
the charge with our usual bravery and 
impetuosity. The enemy, at once, 
recognized us as Colquitt's "Tigers" 
— a name by which we were known 
among the Federal troops. 

We moved with impetuosity, and 
succeeding in turning the en- 
emy's right without firing a gun. The 
enemy, however, after retreating about 
a half mile, rallied and gave us battle. 
We soon routed them again, turning 
them so completely around, were com- 
ing up in the rear of their line of bat- 
tle Becoming panic-stricken at our 
gaining their rear, the entire, line fled 
in wild confusion. Our victory was 
complete. The enemy was whipped and 
driven back upon Bermuda Hundreds. 
In this battle, we suffered the follow- 
ing casualties: 5th Sergeant Talbot 
(':. Mammock was killed. Capt. Jas. 
M. Culpepper, -\(h Sergt. Richard II. 



Powell, 5th Corporal Jas. F. McDon- 
ald; Privates Wendell J). Croom, and 
John J. McDonald were wounded. 

On the morning after the battle, our 
Brigade was formed into a hollow 
square, when General Beauregard from 
the center, mounted on a splendid 
charger, made us a speech, in which 
he paid us a high compliment, assur- 
ing us, that to us was due the honor 
of the brilliant achievement won in 
the previous day's action. Immedi- 
ately after this battle, General Beaure- 
gard organized his lit lie army into di- 
visions. Major Gen. Robert F. Ilokc, 
a young officer of great moral worth 
and distinguished ability, was assign- 
ed to the command of the division to 
which our Brigade was attached. 
Shortly after the battle of Drewry's 
Bluff, General Butler withdrew from 
the South-side Department, crossed 
the James Kiver, and formed a junc- 
tion with Grant, taking position on 
his right. This powerful re-enforce- 
ment to General Grant, threatened 
a crushing blow to General Leo 
at Cold Harbor, and the pro- 
bable fall of Richmond from that 
point. Gen. Beauregard now hasten- 
ed with all possible speed, to aid Gen. 
Lee at Cold Harbor, the threatened 
point of attack. We crossed the 
James River on the morning of the 1st 
of June, and reached Cold Harbor late 
in the evening of the same day, en- 
countering the enemy's vanguard and 
driving it, back. On' the 3rd the sec- 
ond great battle of Cold Harbor was 
fought. It commenced at day-light, 
and raged with teriiic fury tilfthe en- 
emy was repulsed. It will be seen by 
reference to the first battle of Cold 
Harbor on the 27th of June 1802, that 
it was the most fatal battle our Com- 
pany had ever been in. In it we had 
fifteen killed and fifteen wounded. 
This was the most fortunate battle 
we had ever been in, if we rake into 
consideration the magnitude of the 



! 



Campaign oi- 1804. 






battle, and the great disparity of num- 
bers. ' 

Here our Regiment, carrying into 
action not exceeding two hundred 
guns, and assisted by two pieces of ar- 
tillery, so arranged as to enfilade the 
enemy's lines from right to left with 
grape and canister, confronted the 8th 
New York artillery regiment, which 
had just been converted into an infan- 
try regiment, and numbered 1,850. 
We killed, wounded, and captured 
1.131) of them. Our Company had 
two casualties. Private William N. 
Harris was killed, and Private Thos. 
A. [iOive was wounded. In this bat- 
tle, if Grant was not defeated, he was 
so completely baffled that lie abandon- 
ed all hope of success upon his chosen 
line of approach to Richmond, and 
withdrew his army down the James - 
River to Harrison's Landing, andCitv 
Point, as McClellan had done two 
years before. Prom these places he 
soon closely invested Richmond and 
Petersburg, especially the latter. 

His first step was to take advantage 
of Beauregard's absence from the 
South-side Department, and send 
Butler back across the James to cap- 
ture Petersburg. (In, this lie very 
nearly succeeded.) Upon this becom- 
ing known. Beauregard hastened with 
all possible speed, to check-mate But- 
ler's movements. Per this purpose, 
our Division left Cold Harbor on the 
12th of dune, and arrived at Peters- 
burg at three o'clock on the night of 
the 14th. Having been delayed on 
the way, awaiting advices from Beau- 
regard in reference to Butler's move- 
ments. Upon arriving at Petersburg, 
we learned that a squad of Federal 
i lavalry had the evening before, parad- 
. d through the streets, but being more 
Lipon a reconnoissance than anything 
Ise, they made no halt. At day-light 
next morning, we found the Federals 
in possession of the strong-holds and 
fortifications which had been erected 



for the defence of Petersburg. 

Beauregard made a desperate effort 
to dislodge them, but failed. Wo bad 
now to go to work and re-fortify 
against the enemy. This effort was 
made on the lu'th, and is known as 
the battle of Petersburg. It com- 
menced at day-light with heavy skir- 
mishing on both sides, which lasted 
till about sun-set, when the enemy 
made a desperate charge upon our 
hastily erected works. He was repuls- 
ed with great slaughter. In this bat- 
lie, Private William S. Davis, of our 
Company, was killed. We can never 
forget the horrible death of this sold- 
ier. Each of bis jaw-bones was bro- 
ken about mid-way, his chin and 
tongue were completely taken off at 
the break, by the bullet. In this con- 
dition he lived about three days, seem- 
ingly suffering all the pangs ; 'md mis- 
eries of a hundred horrible deal lis. 
Heavy skirmishing all ulona: our lines 
was an cverv-day-oecurrence, as well 
as any amount of sharp-shooting, and 
heavy shelling from both sides, from 
now- till th<' last of September. Pri- 
vate John W. Murray, of our Compa- 
ny was killed in a sharp-shooting duel 
in July — day of month not recollected. 
In the mean time, however, three des- 
perate assaults were made on our en- 
tire lines, all of which were repulsed, 
and three regular battles fought be- 
tween detachments of the two armies, 
without any decisive result on either 
side. The battle of Deep Bottom, 
was fought on the 10th of August. 
In this our Command took no active 
part, not being present. The battle 
of Weldon Railroad was fought on the 
18th and 19th of August. This was 
the battle in which our Company 
plucked the most brilliant feather for 
the cap of its history. In this we 
captured Brigadier General Rut her- , 
ford B. Hayes, now President of the 
United States, with Lieutenant Brady, 
one of his Aids-dc-eamp. The\ sur- 



yc 



Campaign' of 1SG4. 



rendered themselves, their swords, 
side-arms, and horses to 4th Sergeant 
Richard IT. Powell, and were by him 
conducted to General Colquitt. Maj- 
or .lames M. Culpepper, in command 
of the Regiment, then made a hold 
sortie at the head of ahout fifty men, 
and succeeded in capturing If ayes' 
entire hrigade; hut failed to bring 
t hem off as prisoners. They soon 
discovered the weakness of their cap- 
tors, and the blunder they had made 
i:i surrendering, and endeavored to 
turn the scale by capturing Culpepper. 
He succeeded, however, in effecting 
Ins escape with his men and a few 
prisoners, and in bringing off, with 
his own hands, three stands of colors, 
and the sword of the officer next in 
command after the surrender of Hayes 
In this battle, Private Lott Self was 
killed, and Private William C. Harri- 
son was taken prisoner. He was not 
exchanged, but parol led after thc"sur- 
dender. On the 4th of September, 
Sergt. Richard LI. Powell lost his 
right leg. A mortar shell from the 
enemy's lines exploded between his 
feet breaking his leg just below the 
knee. It had to be amputated. This 
permanently disabled him from" furth- 
er active service during the war. This 
gallant soldier was, as he justly deser- 
ved, several times recommended for 
promotion, but from some unexplain- 
t d cause, he never received it. On the 
UOth of September, was fought the 
battle of Fort Harrison. Jn this bat- 
tle our Company lost two noble sol- 
diers: 3rd Sergt. Bryant Vinson, and 
ti ames H. Odom were killed. About 
1 his time, the two armies assumed 
{-••mothing of a growling mood, sullcn- 
'] /.confronting each other behind their 
strong entrenchments. The heavy 
Hielling, and active sharpshooting, to 
tome extent, subsided. A powerful 
»! mada had this year been fitted out 
by the Federals, under the leadership 
of Admiral Porter, and General Terry, 



having for its object, the reduction of 
Fort Fisher, the Malakoff of the Con- 
federacy, and the capture of Wilming- 
ton, N. C. So soon as the object of 
this powerful land and naval force be- 
came fully known to the Confederate 
authorities at Richmond, our Division 
was despatched to Wilmington to as- 
sist in the defence of that beleaguered 
city. We left Petersburg about the 
middle of December, and in due time, 
arrived at Wilmington, and took po- 
sition at Sugar Loaf. We were soon 
brought into close proximity with the 
enemy, now exerting every effort to 
reduce Fort Fisher, and gain the rear 
of the city of Wilmington. In the 
terrible struggle which now ensued 
around Fort Fisher, Private William 
S. Haddock was wounded. This 
struggle was, to us, the (dosing scene 
of this year, and here the curtain of 
time dropped. 

CHAPTER VIII. 



We will now note the changes that 
occurred in the membership of the 

Company during this year, together 
with the names of those who (lied of 
disease contracted in the service. 

('apt. dames M. Culpepper was pro- 
moted to the rank of Major, to wear 
the star of the gallant Major William 
M. Arnold, killed in an urtillery due! 
in August. This promotion was made 
alone upon due merit, as he was at 
the time, ranked by several seniors in 
the Regiment. The writer can, with- 
out disparagement to any one, safely 
bear testimony to the justice of this 
promotion. 

There was no man at the time in 
the Regiment, more deserving or more 
entitled than was Captain Culpepper. 
Having learned in the discharge of 
his duties, to obey his superiors, he 
was very well prepared to take com- 
mand. 1st Lieutenant Jonnathan D. 



Campaign of ISM. 

Cowart was promoted Captain, to fill Hammock's promotion. 2nd Corpor- 
the vacancy made by Culpepper's pro- al John I Harris was promoted 1st 
motion. 2nd Lieutenant Jefferson M. Corporal, to fill the vacancy made by 
(tray was promoted 1st Lieutenant to Vinson's promotion. 3rd Corporal 
till the vacancy made by Co wart's pro- Reuben A. Kilby was continued, and 
motion. 3rd Lieutenant Seaborn M: 4th Corporal James F. McDonald was 
Hunt was promoted 2nd Lieutenant to promoted 2nd Corporal to till the va- 
lid the vacancy made by Gray's pro- cancy made by Harris' promotion, 
motion, and Amos W. Murray, the and Private William T. Collins was 
very faithful, efficient, and worthy Or- elected 4th Corporal, to till the vacan- 
derly Sergeant, was elected, as he cy made by McDonald's promotion. 
justly deserved to be. 3rd Lieutenant, Private Jon nathan F. Coussins Avas 
to till the vacancy made by Hunt's promoted to the position of Regimcn- 
promotiow. This was another step in tal Ensign, with the rank and pay of 
the right direction. Sergeant Murray 1st Lieutenant of Infantry. He held 
was one of the original members of the this position to the close of the war; 
Company, had served faithfully, and carrying the colors aloft in the last 
had proven himself, on all occasions, battle east of the Mississippi River, 
fully equal to every task that had been This was another promotion well 
laid upon him. merited. There was no man in the 
2nd Sergeant Isaac X. Vinson was Regiment more deserving, or more 
promoted Orderly Sergeant, to fill the justly entitled. Private Iienjamin L. 
vacancy made by Murray's election to Powell died 24th of June, of con- 
the 3rd Lieutenancy. 3rd Sergeant sumption, supposed to have been con- 
Bryant Vinson was promoted 2nd . Ser- traded in the service, on account of 
geant to till the vacancy made by Vin- long exposure to the rigors of winter. 
son's promotion. 4th Sergeant Rich- incident to Virginia climate. 

iird 11. I'o well was promoted 3rd Ser-" — — 

geant to fill the vacancy made by Vin- NOTE.— We omitted to mention at 

son's promotion, oth Sergeant Tal- the proper time and place, that Pri- 

bot (1. Hammock was promoted 4th vatc William C. Gray was killed by a 

"ergeant to fill the vacancy made by Federal sharp-shooter on the (Jth 



o 



Powell's promotion. 1st Corporal July, and, also, that Private \V. 

Henry B. Vinson was promoted 5th Davidson was killed at Ocean Pond 

Sergeant to till the vacancy made by on the 20th of February. 

CHAPTER IX. 

January 1st of this year, with its nigh exhausted, and their paper mod i- 

glooiny forebodings, found our Com- um vcr\ far below par, rendered the 

pany with heavy hearts and almost de- situation anything but pleasant. 

{•ponding spirits at Sugar-Loaf near Fort Fisher, t lie Malakolf of the 

Wilmington, N. C, whither it had, Confederacy, the only channel through 

as before stated, been ordered in Dec'r. which the Confederates had been able 

of the preceding year. This year opened to communicate during the war with 

gloomily upon the Confederates every the out-side world, fell on the 15th of 

where. Hemmed in on all sides, with January. This completely shut them 

their country over-run by the enemy, in. In the earlv part of January, 

and Iheir stock and provisions well Col. Jo!... ". . Lot": on was aecidenially 



ZH 



I A Jii.N oi 



8Go. 



killed by u random shot from one of 
the enemy's gun-boats. We cannot 
part with this distinguished cin/cu 
unci soldier without ;i word of com- 
ment. He was a, native of Elbort 
County, Georgia. He was compar- 
atively a young man; was a lawyer by 
.i/ofe:ssion; was, at the beginning of 
the war. engaged in the practice of his 
profession at Lexington, Oglethorpe 
County Georgia; and, as Captain, led 
out the ''Gilmore Blues" from that 
county. Rich in nature's endowments, 
with a thoroughly cultivated mind, 
he embodied ail the components that 
make up th? perfect man. He was 
almost iJoli/.ed by the entire Regi- 
ment. The death of no man that ev- 
er belonged to the Oth Georgia, Regi- 
ment caused more regret than that of 
Col. .John T. Lofton. 

Soon after the fall of Fort Fisher, 
the Confederates evacuated Wilming- 
ton; and, closely pursued by Generals 
Seholield and Terry, retired by a land 
route up the North-East River to 
South Wilmington; thence toKinston 
via Rock-Fish and Kenanvillc. At 
Kinston we were over-taken by our 
pursuers, when a tierce battle of two 
days duration, beginning on the 8th 
of .March, ensued. In this battle our 
Company suffered the following casu- 
alties. Major J. M. Culpepper was 
slightly wounded. Privates John 0. 
Davidson, John \P. Renfroe, and Rob- 
ert W. Johnson were wounded. This 
battle completely set our pursuers 
back for several days. We again re- 
tired in the direction of Fayettevillc 
to Goldsboro.*Jfcj Here we formed a 
junction with the remnant of Hood's 
'shattered army, and the remnants of 
some other shattered armies, includ- 
ing the forces that bad been with- 
drawn from around Charleston and 
Wilmington, including also our own 
Division, amounting in all to about 
35,000, all under command of General 
Joseph L. Johnston, who had in the 



very last extremity, been again placed 
in command. ( >ur Division v\ as ai - 
taehed to General Hardee's Corps. 
Tills was the only force that could 
now be brought to face Sherman', 
greatly augmented legions in their 
grand, almost unmolested marc 1 ! 
through Georgia and the Carol inas to 
join Grant in . Virginia. We moved 
forward, and on tlie Kith of Man I. 
met Sherman at Averasboro, near 
Layette ill,.. | [ t . n . ;) l,i,„„|v encounl - 
• r ensued. In t ids our ( 'oiupauv 
took no part. We again met Sher- 
man at Bentonvillc mi the 1 9th, and 
fought- the last battle in which we 
were ever engaged. 

We were now like the Spartan hand at 
Thermopyhu, brought to our last death 
grapple with the monster army of \ ic- 
tory. In this, the already ruinously de- 
pleted ranks of our Company, were 
again called upon to do sacrifice upon 
the altar of their country. Severyl of 
our brave boys here fell to rbe no 
more. Among them was the lamented 
Captain Jonnathan D Cowart. Just a,; 
he w;is leaping over the enemy's breast - 
works, in the last gallant charge, the 
fatal ball pierced his noble heart. Had 
we the time and space, and were our 
humble pen aide to do the subject jus- 
tice, we would eulogize this noble man 
at some length: but a verv few word-; 
must suffice. Capt. Cowan was a na- 
tive of Macon coiiui \ N. ('. lie. had 
removed to Houston counh , Ga., a 
few years previous lo the breaking out 
of the war, and was at the lime, en- 
gaged in a steam saw-mill and lumber 
business, and was one of the lirst lo 
enroll his name as a private in our 
Company. 

He was full six feet in height, hear- 
ing a noble mien and line personal aj - 
pearance. lie was elected iJr.d Lieu- 
tenant m 1801. He was severely 
wounded at Sharpsburgun the 17 th of 
September, I8G2. He was a man for 
whom education had done bin little 



Campaign <>r lsi;.' 



:.".| 



being scarcely able to write a legible 
band, or make simple calculations in 
the ordinary business of life. But 
this deficiency was fully atoned for in 
the nobleness of bis nature. His on- 
ly words of command in battle were, 
"forward boys." This was usually 
given in alow, easy tone of voice; bat 
the expression of his countenance told 
unmistakably plain that Cowart was 
terribly in earnest. In battle he usu- 
ally carried bis hat in his left bund 
and bis drawn sword in his right. 

As a soldier, he did not take or shift 
responsibilities; nor would he apolo- 
gize for the delinquency of any man. 
He discharged every known duty to 
the strictest letter, and required the 
same thing at the hands of all with 
whom he had to deal, lint we must 
bill a long, long farewell to our es- 
teemed friend and brother soldier, 
Captain Jonnathan I). Cowart, and 
resume the subject 1st Corporal John 
1. Harris; Privates George W. Hamp- 
ton, James M. Johns, James M. 
Shines, and Samuel A. Fields were 
killed. 3rd Lieutenant Amos W. 
Murray, 1st Lieutenant Jonnathan F. 
Coussins, Privates William I. Shines, 
and Ebeneezer W. Turner were 
wounded. On the 23rd, Sherman 
reached Goldsboro', where he was 
largely re-enforced by Generals Scho- 
tield and Terry. Johnston withdrew 
to Raliegh. So matters stood for 
some time. The end was now rapidly 
approaching. The tragic finale, was 
at hand. We now look for a moment 
to the Army of Northern Virginia. 

On the 1st of April, Lee's right was 
turned, and the battle of Five Oaks 
was fought. On the 2nd, ({rant suc- 
' eeeded in making an irreparable 
breach in Lee's general line of defence. 
Lee was now compelled to retire and 
give up Richmond at last. On the 
'.Mb of April, at Appomattox ('. II., 
the sword of Lee was surrendered un- 
der very liberal terms of capitulation. 



Grant refused to fake the sword, thus 
showing the greatest magnanimity to 
his distinguished competitor. 

President Davis and his Cabinet es- 
caped from Richmond on the night of 
the 2nd. In consultation with Gen- 
erals Johnston and Beauregard at 
Greensboro, North Carolina, they 
authorized General Johnson to make 
such terms with General Sherman, as 
he might be able to do, for a termina- 
tion of the war, and general paeilica- 
tion. The result of this was what 
was known as the "Sherman — John- 
son Convention," which was formally 
agreed to, and signed by them, on the 
18th of April.* 

*Memorandum, or Basis of Agree- 
ment, made this 18th day of April, A. 
1). 18G5, near Durham's Station, and 
in the State of North Carolina, by and 
between General Joseph E. Johnston, 
commanding the Confederate army, 
and Major-General W. T. Sherman, 
commanding the army of the United 
States. Both present. 

I. The contending armies now in 
the Held to maintain their status </t/<> 
until notice is given by the Command- 
ing General of either one to its oppo- 
nent, and reasonable time, say forty- 
eight hours, allowed. 

II. The Confederate armies now 
in existence to be disbanded and con- 
ducted to the several State Capitals, 
there to deposit their arms and public 
property in the State Arsenal, and 
each officer and man to execute and 
file an agreement to cease from acts 
of war, and abide the action of both 
State and Federal authorities. The 
number of arms and munitions of war 
to be reported to the Chief of Ordi- 
nance at Washington City, subject lo 
the future action of the Congress of 
the United States, and, in the. mean- 
time, to be used solely to maintain 
peace within the borders of the Slate; 
respect iveh . 



30 



Campaign of 1805. 



III. The recognition, by the Ex- 
ecutive of the United States, of the 
several State Governments on their 
officers and Legislatures taking the 
oath prescribed by the Constitution of 
the United States; and where conflict- 
ing State Governments have resulted 
from the war, the legitimacy of all 
shall be submitted to the Supreme 
Court of' the United States. 

IV. The re-establish ment of all 
Federal Courts in the several States, 
Avith powers as denned by the Consti- 
tution and laws of Congress. 

V. The people and inhabitants of 
all the States to be 'guaranteed, so far 
as the Executive can, their political 
rights and franchises, as well as their 
rights of person and property, as de- 
fined by the Constitution of the Uni- 
ted States and the States respectively. 

VI. The 1 Executive authority of 
the Government of the United States 
not to disturb any of the people by. 
reason of the late war, so long 'as they 
live in peace and quiet, abstain from 
acts of armed hostility, and obey laws 
in existence at the place of their resi- 
dence. ' 

VII. 'In general terms, it is an- 
nounced that the war is to cease; a 
general amnesty, so far as the Execu- 
tive power of the United States can 
command, on condition of the dis- 
bandinent of the Confederate armies, 
the distribution of arms, and resump- 
tion of peaceful pursuits by officers 
and men hitherto 'composing the said 
armies. Not being fully empowered 
by our respective principals to fulfill 
these terms, we individually and of- 
ficially pledge ourselves • to promptly 
obtain necessary '.'authority, and to 
carry out the above programme. 

W. T. SI IK KM AN, 

Alajor-i ieneral. 
Commanding the Army of the 
United States in North Carolina. 
JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON, 

( Ieneral. 



Commanding Confederate Stales 
Army in North Carolina 



Here let it be said to the credit of 
Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, that in this 
Convention, he displayed quite as 
much diplomacy and statesmanship 
as he had hitherto displayed general- 
ship in all of the well directed cam- 
paigns in which he had been chief in 
command. While negotiations were 
going on between these two distin- 
guished Generals, and four davs be- 
fore the Convention was signed, on 
the night of the 141 h of April, Presi- 
dent Lincoln was assassinated at 
Ford's Theatre, in Washington City, 
by Wilkes Booth. By the death of 
President Lincoln, the Presidency de- 
volved upon Mr. Andrew Johnson, 
the Vice- President. Erom the great 
excitement caused by this horrible act. 
or from some other unexplained cause, 
President Johnson disapproved (hi' 
Sherman-Johnston Convention, ami 
ordered Sherman to resume the aggres- 
sive. Upon Ceii. Sherman notifying 
Gen. Johnston of this, he withdrew 
his army to Greensboro.' On the 2fith 
of April, he entered into a capitula- 
tion with Sherman, by which he sur- 
rendered all the Confederate forces 
under his command, upon terms simi- 
lar to the terms agreed upon between 
Lee and Grant. All the soldiers then 
present, gave ami subscribed to the 
following parole of honor: 

Greensboro', North Carolina. 
In accordance with the terms of 
Military Convention, entered info on 
the 2 6 1'h day of April, 1S(!5, between 
(Jeneral Joseph E. Johnston, Com- 
manding the Confederate Army, and 
Major-General W. T. Sherman, Com- 
manding the United Slates Army in 
North Carolina, Wendell I). Groom, 
Private in Company "C," 0th Georgia 
Troops, has given his solemn obliga- 
tion not to take up arms against the 
Cnvernmoni id' the United States, un- 






Campaign of 1805. 



31 



til properly released from this obliga- 
tion; and is permitted to return to his 
home, not to be disturbed by the Uni- 
ted States Authorities, so long as he 
observe this obligation, and obey the 
laws in force where he may reside. 

L. M. LETCHER, Major, U. S. A. 
Special Commissioner. 

J. M. CULPEPPER, Major, C. S. A. 
Commanding. 
Gen. Johnston now issued a patriotic 
Farewell Address to his troops, in 
which be deeply sympathized with 
them in the misfortunes of the war ; 
but highly complimented them for the 
valor and patriotism they had display- 
ed for a little upward of four years 
in defence of the now, forever "lost 
cause." We would gladly re-produce 
this Address; but we have it not in 
our possession. Upon it becoming 
known to our Company that Johnston 
had surrendered to Sherman, several 
of the members left for their homes. 
Those who remained to be paroled 
and disbanded in conformity with the 
terms of surrender, and sheathe their 
swords and pile their guns upon the 
last stack made east of the Mississippi 
River, were, Maj. Jas. M. Culpepper 
in command of the Regiment, 2nd. 
Lieutenant Seaborne M. Hunt ; 4th 
Cop'l. William T. Collins; Privates 
Wendell J). Croom, William E. Giles, 
Jas. M. Graves, William M. ilaslam, 
John J. McDonald and Leonidas P. 
Sledge. The terms of surrender hav- 
ing been fully complied with, and 
General Sherman having issued us ten 
day's rations, we left for our homes, 
on the 8th of May, marching to Wash- 
ington, Wilkes county Ga,. thence by 
rail to our homes, arriving about the 
19th. We leave the reader to imagine 
the feelings of these war-worn soldiers 
upon once more reaching their homes 
and embracing the loved ones from 
which tliev had so long been absent. 



NOTE. — The war having closed out 
early in the year, no changes occurred 
in the membership of the Company, 
nor were there any deaths from dis- 
ease contracted in the service. We 
will state, however, that had the war 
gone on, Maj. J. M. Culpepper would 
have been promoted Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel, to 11 11 the vacancy made by the 
promotion of Lieutenant-Col. Samuel 
A. Harris to the Colonelcy, after the 
death of Col. John T. Lofton, killed 
in January. 1st Lieut. Jefferson M. 
Gray would have been promoted Cap- 
tain to fill the vacancy of Captain Jon- 
nathan D. Cowart, killed at Benton- 
ville on the 19th of March. 2nd Lieut. 
Seaborn M. Hunt would have been 
promoted 1st. Lieutenant, to fill the 
vacancy made by Gray's promotion. 
3rd Lieut. Amos AV. Murray would 
have been promoted 2nd. Lieut, to fill 
the vacancy made by Hunt's promo- 
tion. , Leaving the 3rd Lieutenancy 
vacant, to be filled by election. 5th 
Sergt. Henry B. Vinson would have 
been promoted 2nd Sergeant. 2nd 
Sergt. Bryant Vinson having been kill- 
ed in battle at Fort Harrison on the 
30th of Sept. 18(54, and 3rd. Sergeant 
Richard H. Powell having been retir- 
ed on account of permanent disabil- 
ity from a wound received on 
the 7th of September 1864, and 4th 
Sergt. Talbot G. Hammock having 
been killed in battle atDrewry's Bluff 
on the 16th of May, 1864. Leaving 
vacancies for 3rd, 4th and 5th Ser- 
geants to be filled by election. 2nd. 
Corp'l. Jas. E. McDonald would have 
been promoted 1st. Corporal, to lill 
the vacancy made by death of 1st. 
Corp'l. John I. Harris, killed in bat- 
tle at Bentonville on the 19th of 
March. 4th Corp'l. William T. Col- 
lins would have been promoted 2nd. 
Corp'l., to fill the vacancy made by 
McDonald's promotion. Leaving 
vacancies for 4th and 5th Corporals 
to he tilled bv elect ion. 



1 



:!'.' 



Closing Scenes of the Wa-u. 



CHAPTER X. 



The news of the surrender of the 
sword of General Robert E. Lee at 
Appomattox 0. II., on the 9th of 
April, 1JSG5, sounded like u fire-bell at 
night. It Hashed over the country 
with electric speed, spreading gloom 
and despondency in every pathway be- 
hind it; atleast, so far as the result of 
the war is concerned, which was no 
longer a matter of conjecture, but a 
fixed matter-of-fact, brought fully 
within the comprehension of all. The 
buoyant hope that had so long nerved 
the Southern people, and incited them 
to action, and once so valiantly dis- 
played their valor and patriotism with 
a zeal uhparallollod in the history of 
the human race, now broken, gave 
place to despair and despondency. 
The cause which they had so long de- 
fended with a zeal and determination 
unknown to any people of "modern 
times, had now, without the interven- 
tion of a negotiating umpire, to be 
abandoned and forever lost; as the 
sword, the great arbiter in the contest 
had decided against . them. Gen. 
Joseph L\ Johnston, upon whom de- 
' volved the responsible duty of arrang- 
ing terms for the termination of the 
war, and general pacification j after 
' the exit of the Confederate' Chief 
Magistrate from his high post of duty 
on the night of the 2nd of April, 1805 
after the irreparable breech had been 
made in Lee's line of defence, as be- 
fore stated, opened a truce with Gener- 
al Sherman. This resulted in what is 
known at the time as the "Sherman- 
Johnston Convention.'' For the very 
able manner in which this distinguish- 
ed soldier and diplomatist discharged 
the duties of his high and responsible 
trust, the reader is referred to the 
Memorandum of Agreement arranged 
and signed in that ('(invention by 
these two distinguished men, a copy 



of which may be found near the con- 
elusion of the preceding chapter. 
But unfortunately for the Southern 
people, the Sherman-Johnston Con- 
vention was disapproved by Andrew 
Johnson, the newly installed Presi- 
dent, and Sherman ordered to resume 
the aggressive. 

This completely disrobed General 
Johnston, and left him without an al- 
ternative. Knowing, as he did, that 
further resistance would be worse than 
madness, ami a wicked effusion of 
blood, he entered into a capitulation 
with General Sherman, by which he 
surrendered all the troops under his 
command, upon terms similar to those 
agreed upon between Lee and Grant. 
The course of Johnston was followed 
in quick succession by all the Confed- 
erate commanders everywhere. The 
last, surrender was that of General K. 
Kirby Smith, in the trans-Mississippi 
Department, on the 2Gth of May, 18(55 
— just one month subsequent to the 
date of the surrender of Johnston. 

Three days after this, on the 29th, 
President Johnson announced the 
facts by proclamation, with offer of 
amnesty, upon certain conditions, to 
all who had participated in the con- 
lliet on the Confederate side, except 
fourteen designated classes. 

Thus ended the lamentable and ev- 
er-to-be-regretted conflict of a little 
upwards of four years duration 1k-- 
tween the States of the Federal Un- 
ion. It was the most lamentable, as 
well as the greatest of modern wars, if 
not the greatest in some respects 
"known in the history of the human 
race." It lasted a little upward of 
four years, as we have seen, with nu- 
merous sanguinary exploits on both 
sides; a few, only, of which, are bare- 
ly glanced at in this brief Compendi- 
um; but manv of which will live in 



: 






Closing Scexes of the War. 



memory, and be perpetuated as story 
and legends for ages to come. It was 
waged by the Federals with tbe sole 
object, as they declared of "maintain- 
ing and perpetuating the Federal Un- 
ion under the Constitution;" while 
by the Confederates, it was waged as 
they declared "with the great object 
of maintaining the inestimable Sover- 
eign right of local-self-government on 
(he part of the people of the several 
States." 

Very early in the war, however, the 
institution of Domestic African Sla- 
very, as it then existed in the South- 
ern, or ceccded States, became involv- 
ed as a vital question in the conflict; 
and was, as was alleged by the eman- 
cipationists, abolished in all the States, 
as a necessity consequent upon the 
progress of the war. 

This scheme of emancipation was 
commenced by Federal Executive 
Proclamation, on the 22nd of Septem- 
ber; I8ti2, and afterward ratified and 
continued by the action of the sword 
under military domination, and event- 
uated in one of the accepted results 
of the war on both sides. 

In conclusion, we will only add the 
following, which we adduce from au- 
thority every way reliable. 

The aggregate Federal population 
at the commencement of tbe war, was 
above twenty-two millions ; that of 
the Confederates was less than ten, 
near four millions of these being negro 
slaves, and constituting no part of 
their arms-bearing population. The 
Federals, first and last during the war, 



brought two millon six hundred thoi - 
and men into the service; while the 
Confederates, all told, in like manner, 
had but a little over six hundred 
thousand men in the service. The 
prosecution of the war created an enor- 
mous debt on both sides, the aggregate 
of money thus expended, including 
the loss and destruction of property 
on both sides, amounted upon a rea- 
sonable estimatie to eight thousand 
millions of dollars — a sum fully equal 
to three-fourths of the assessed value 
of the taxable property of all the 
States together when it commenced. 
The entire loss on both sides, includ- 
ing those who were permanently dis- 
abled, as well as those killed in battle, 
and who died from wounds received 
and diseases contracted in the service, 
amounted upon a reasonable estimate 
"to the stupendous aggregate of one 
million of men," a sum equal to one 
thirty-eighth part of the entire white 
population of the United States at 
the commencement of the Avar. 



In the economy of arrangement in 
the progress of this brief compendium, 
only the most important data connec- 
ted with the history of the Company, 
could he taken into the account. Many 
personal incidents and much general 
matter, that would have been both 
pleasing and interesting,' have been 
necessarily excluded. To have incor- 
porated which, would have been to 
run the hazard of swelling the volume 
of the work to an extravagant and 
inconvenient size. 



34 



RECAPITULATION 



We have sliown from Lho preceding 
pages, that our Company, numbered, 
first and last, during the war, 104 
men, rank and file. Having thus 
been recruited by 80 recruits, which 
is proof prima facie of the high re- 
pute in which the Company was held. 
And that the Company was in twenty- 
nine regular battles, besides several 
skirmishes, and a great deal of heavy 
and dangerous garrison and seige du- 
ty. Several of these battles were the 
most heroic and terrific of any in the 
history of the war; if not the most so 
of any recorded in the whole range of 
modern history. Among these we 
may mention the battles of Seven 
Pines, 31st of May, 1862, Cold Har- 
bor, 27th of June, 1862; Sharpsburg, 
17th of September 1862; and Chancel- 
lorsville, 2nd of May, 1863. In these 
battles the relative proportions of the 
numbers engaged on the respective 
sides, were, at Seven Pines, 120,000" 
on the Federal side, against 45,000 on 
the Confederate side, or as two and 
two-thirds to one. At Cold Harbor, 
120,000 on the Federal side, against 
(JO, 000 on the Confederate side, or as 
two to one. At Sharpsburg, 120,000 
on the Federal side against 60,000 on 
the Confederate side, or as two to 
one. At Chancellorsville, 132,000 on 
the Federal side, against 50,000 on 
the Confederate side, or as two and 
sixteen twenty-fifths to one. The 
relative proportions of the other bat- 
tles were similar. We were never en- 
gaged in a battle in which the num- 
bers engaged on the respective sides 
were proportionately equal. 

We have also further shown that 
twenty of our number were discharged 
upon the grounds of physical disabili- 
ty. Eighteen of these re-entered the 
service with other commands. 'Three 
were discharged upon a writ of Habe- 
as Corpus, These all upon arriving 
at full age, re-entered the service with 
other commands. Six of the commis- 



sioned staff resigned from various cau- 
ses. Five of these re-entered the ser- 
vice with other commands. Four 
were transferred to other commands. 
Two were placed upon detached serv- 
ice. Three; only, were taken prisoners 
during the war, and but one ever 
deserted during the war. Forty-seven 
were wounded. Of these, nine were 
wouneded twice; four were wounded 
three times; and four were wounded 
four times. And that four were, to 
some extent, permanently disabled for 
life. Forty-five were killed in battle, 
and twenty-five died of disease con- 
tracted in the service; leaving alive at 
the close of the war, ninety -four. Of 
these, eight have died and been killed, 
viz: 

Private William Crouch, killed in a 
personal renconter at, Oglethorpe, Ga., 
in 1876. Lieut. Jonnathan K. (Ions- 
sins* was accidentally killed in Kentuc- 
.ky — date not recollected. He was at, 
the time, in the employ of a railroad 
Company, as fireman. The engine 
ran oil" the track, killing him and the 
engineer instantly. Orderly Sergeant 
William W. Carnes, died at his homo 
in Milledgeville, (Ja., in 1867. Pri- 
vates James 11. Corbitt, Henry 0. 
Sawyer, .John W. Galling, James M. 
Bynum, Charles I). Anderson, Jr., 
and Leavin Vinson, all died at their 
homes in Houston county, Georgia, 
leaving at the date of this writing, 86 
survivors, located and engaged as fol- 
lows: 

Gen. Charles I). Anderson, resides 
at Fort Valley, Houston county, (Ja.; 
engaged in a Ware-House and (Join- 
mission business in the city of Macon. 
Capt. Chas. 11. Richardson resides 
at Byron, Houston county, (Ja., en- 
gaged in the practice of physic, and 
in agricultural pursuits. Lieutenant 
Bart let t M. Bateman resides in Hous- 
ton county, (Ja., engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits. Lieut. Seaborne S. 
Minims resides in Thomas count v, 






1770917 



RECAPITULATION 



:;., 



On. , engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Lieut. William T. Greene resides at 
Fort Valley, Houston county, Ga. , 
engaged in the practice of physic, and 
in the ministry. Maj. J. M. Culpep- 
per resides hi Houston county, Ga., 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Sergeant Geo. W. Bateman resides 
in Washington county, Ga., engaged 
in agricultural pursuits. Lieut. Amos 
W. Murray resides at Fort Valley, 
Houston county, Ga., engaged in 
mercantile pursuits. Serg't. Isaac N. 
Vinson resides in Houston county, 
Ga., engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Sergt. Joel L. Diseker resides in 
South Carolina, engaged in agricultu- 
ral pursuits. Corporal Reuben A. Kil- 
by resides in Florida, engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. Private Green A ve- 
ra resides at Smithville, Lee county, 
Ga., engaged in mercantile pursuits. 
Private Louis F. Anderson resides in 
Atlanta, Ga , employed in the editorial 
department of a newspaper. Lieut. 
Emanuel Aultman resides at Fort 
V id ley, Ga. , engaged in mercantile, 
and agricultural pursuits. Private 
Solomon Aultman resides in Crawford 
county, Ga. , engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. Private Matthew 0. A vera 
resides in Calhoun county, Ga. , en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits. Pri- 
vate Henry T. Brookins resides in 
Baldwin county, Ga., engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. Private Thos. 
Butler resides in Houston county, Ga., 
engaged as a ditcher. Private Leoni- 
das W. Choidoine resides in Florida, 
engaged in merchantile pursuits. 
Corp'l. William T. Collins resides in 
Texas, planter. Corp'l. George W. 
(/beeves resides at Albany, (Ja., en- 
gaged in teaching school. Private 
das. Clark resides in Taylor county, 
Ga., engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Private Wendell I), ('room resides in 
Houston county, Ga., engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. Private Ed- 
ward Diukins resides in Bihh eounlv, 



Oa., (occupation unknown). Private 
John R. Dukes resides in Crawford 
county, Oil., engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. Private William B. Dukes 
resides in Houston county, Ga. , en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits. Pri- 
vate Allen Evans resides in Crawford 
county, Oa., engaged in agricultur- 
al pursuits. Private Chas. R. Fogg's 
whereabouts unknown, is a native of 
Boston, Mass., and is a jeweler by 
profession. Private Samuel Gassett 
resides in Crawford county, Ga. , en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits. Private 
William E. Giles resides in Crawford 
county, Git., engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. Private Jas. M. Graves 
resides in Crawford county, Ga. , en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits. Pri- 
vate Chas. G. Gray resides at Fort 
Valley, Houston county, Ga., engaged 
in mercantile pursuits. Lieut. Jeffer- 
sou M. Gray resides at Fort Valley, 
Houston county, Ga., engaged in 
mercantile pursuits. Capt. Ulysses 
M. Gunn resides in Houston county, 
"(Ja., engaged in agricultural pursuits, 
and in the practice of the law. Pri- 
vate d. N. Ilightower resides in 
Upson county, Oa. , engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. Private David 
II. Ililey resides in Houston county, 
Oa., engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Private William M, Haslam resides in 
Pulaski county, Ga., engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits, and in the practice 
of physic. Privates William 0. Har- 
rison and. Sullivan R. Harrison reside 
in Crawford county, Oa., severally 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Private John C. Davidson resides in 
Houston county, Ga, engaged in ag 
rieultural pursuits. Lieut. Seaborne 
M. Hunt resides at Warwick, Worth 
county, Ga., engaged in agricultural, 
and in mercantile pursuits. Serg'l. 
Henry B. Vinson, and. Privates Thos. 
A. Lowe, and Daniel B. Ilutto reside 
in Texas, severally .engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits. Private Drewrv M. 



Sfi 



RECAPITULATION 



Jackson resides in Pike count y, Ala., 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Private Robt. W. Jackson resides in 
Houston county, Ga., engaged in 'agri- 
cultural pursuits. Private James 
Lominac resides in Houston county, 
(la., engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Private William II. II. Lowe resides 
in Macon county, Ga., engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. Privates Chas. 
McDonald and William M .McDonald 
reside in Houston county, Ga,, engag- 
ed severally in agricultural pursuits. 
Corp'l. Jas. F. McDonald resides in 
Dooly county, (Ja., engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. Private John J. 
McDonald resides in South Carolina, 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Private William F. McGehee resides 
in Houston county, (Ja. , engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. The where- 
abouts and occupation of Serg't. Maj. 
John M. Miller, and Private Robt. A. 
Miller unknown to the writer. Pri- 
vates Thomas Odom, and Willis T. 
Odoin reside in Dooly county, Ga., 
severally engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits. Private David J. Perminter 
resides in Houston co., Ga., engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. Private Geo. 
W. Piles resides in Crawford county, 
Ga., engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Private George W. Plant resides in 
Houston county, Ga., engaged in ag- 
ricultural pursuits. John 0. 1 lum- 
ber resides in Crawford county, (Ja., 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. Ser- 
geant Richard H. Powell resides at 
Blakely, Early county, Ga., engaged 
in the practice of law. Private John 
S. Price resides in Houston county, 
Georgia, engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits. Private John K. Ronfroc res- 
ides in Houston county, Georgia, en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits. Privates 
John J. Rumph, Louis I). Humph, 
and Samuel J. Rumph reside in Hou- 
ston county, Georgia, severally engag- 
ed in agricultural pursuits. Privates 
Columbus Self, Jefferson Self, and 



Marion Self, reside in Houston count y 
Georgia, severally engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits. Private William I. 
Shines resides in Houston county Ga, 
employed as Section Boss on the 
South-Western Railroad. Private T. 
C. Skellie resides at Fort Valley, 
Georgia, employed as local agent, at de- 
pot in Fori Valley, South-Western 
Railroad. Privates A. (J. Slappey, 
Ceo. \\. Slappey, Jas. Slappey, Russell 
T Slappey and Uriah Slappey reside in 
Sumter county, G a. , severally engaged 
in agricultural pursuits. Private 
Leon i das P. Sledge resides in Hous- 
ton county, Ga., engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits. Private William Sor- 
rell resides in Houston county, Ga., 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Private Francis M. Stripling resides 
in Dooly county Georgia, engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. Private Daniel 
Vinson's whereabouts and occupation, 
unknown to the writer. Private Jos. 
S. Vinson resides in Houston county, 
Georgia, engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits. Private John Visage resides in 
Crawford county, Ga., engaged in ag- 
ricultural pursuits. Private Pleasant 
A. White resides in Houston county, 
(Ja., engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Private John C. Wilson resides in 
Mitchell county (Ja., engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. 

And now, in conclusion, while we 
would not, under any circumstances 
whatever, be guilty of an attempt, to 
disparage, or sully the fair fame of 
any of t he gallant companies, of which 
the late Confederate army was com- 
posed; nor do we indulge in an unmer- 
ited or egotistical self-praise, when WO 
say that the Company whose history 
we have traced, as regards intelligence, 
talent, education, gallantry, heroic 
fortitude, self-sacrificing endurance, 
and implicit obedience to duty, if it 
did not surpass, compared favorably 
with any other company that entered 
the ( 'on federal e arm v from < J cor in a, or 



RECAPITULATION. 



3? 



■v 



any other State. Our Company . suf- 
fered as much, encountered as many 
difficulties, braved as much dan- 
ger, and participated in as many 
terrific battles, and perhaps lost 
as many men in killed and wounded, 
and in deaths from disease contracted 
in the service as any other company. 
And we can boast of having had as few 
men taken prisoners in battle, and of 
having had as few desertions as any 
other company. The men bore up 
under all of the hardships and diffi- 
culties through which they had to 
puss, with a fortitude, unsurpassed in 
any age or country. Not a single 
mutinous element was ever discovered 
in any member of the company. 
The men were too intelligent and too 
modest to suppose the contest in which 
they had engaged, would be settled in 
any way, except in the legitimate way 
for settling such difficulties ; and too 
manly to undertake to settle the 
trouble by deserting the cause. Even 
after the last glimmering ray of the 
hope of success had disappeared, , and 
the cause lost to every rational minded 
man, they held out firmly, not turn- 
ing the balance against themselves by 
contributing to increase the opposite 
scale by abandoning the cause, and 



thereby lessening the scale in which 
their own honor and the deserting of 

their posterity were to be weighed. 
Trusting entirely to the skill and 
judgment of their leaders, and relying 
implicitly upon the guiding arm of 
Omniscience, they discharged every 
known duty, leaving events to take 
their own cause. We hope, and be- 
lieve that this brief Compendium eon- 
tains much historical matter .which 
will be of enduring interest to every 
true Southron, and especially so to 
every friend and relative of the Com- 
pany. 



We will add as a sequence to this 
Memoir, that all the members of our 
Company were native Georgians, ex- 
cept nine. Of these, three wen; na- 
tives of North Carolina, viz: Capt. 
Jonnathan D Cowart, and Privates 
Wendell D. Croom, and Robert W. 
Johnson. Two were natives of South 
Carolina, viz: Capt. Charles J I. 
Richardson, and Sergeant Joel L. Dis- 
eker. Two were natives of Ireland, 
viz: Privates Thos. Butler and Jas. 
Corbitt. One was a native of Tennes- 
see, viz: Private Geo. W. Hampton; 
and one was a native of Massachusetts, 
viz: Charles R. Fogg. 



C. D. ANDERSON. -T. H ANDERSON. 

CI). Anderson $• Son, 

$ m m i si si t o n JU c i c Iuut t $ , 



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IJULI 



MACON, : : GEO. 



HOUSE LATELY OCCUPIED BY B. L. WILLING HAM & SON. 

t^T Liberal ADVANCES made on Cotton in Store, jg* 
BAGGING and TIES Furnished at the Very LOWEST Market Prices. 



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1 




GEO. W. STT'RCES, 

Dealer in 

Ready-niudo Clothing and Gents.' 

Fl'KNISHING GOODS. 
FoUT VALLEY. . . . OeOUGIA. 



J. W. LOVE, 



Foht Valley 



Gk.o. 



Exclusive dealer in t he 

WHITE SEWING MACHINE 

For Houston Count v. 



BURNHAMR , 

WARRANTED 3EST AND CHEAPEST. 

Prices reduced. Painpliltjia: 

mum supplies. 

Works: Christ latin, J Attn •anter Co.,I'<<. 

Office: X'3 .>'. lieuvcr St., York, Pa 



MRS. S. ,J. DOUGLASS, 

Eokt Valley Ga. 

Dealer m 

Confectioneries, Fruits, Toys, etc., 
it prices to sail the t inics. 



MRS. S. L. ST URGES, 

F A SHIO N A B L E I> K K S S- M A K E R, 

And Dealer in Millinery and Fancy 

Goods, Notions', etc. 
Four Valley, . . . Georgia 



(Subscribe For 

THE SUNDAY ADVERTISER. 

Published at Fort Valley, Georgia. 
It contains all t lie Local, State, and 
General News. Only 50 cents a year. 
E. T. Byjn'gtox, Editok. 



M. L. COOPER & CO., 

Dealers in 
Fresh Family Groceries, Fine Wines 
and Liquors, Cigars Tobacco, etc. 
Bar and Billiards behind the Bank. 
Fort Valley, Georgia. 



THE 
COLUMBUS HNQUIKKK--KUN. 

COLUMBUS GEOKG1 V. 

DAILY. ]\i:HKL)\ d- ,S7'.V/CI )'. 
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in the South. Publishes full Associa- 
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John- King, Pkop'h, 
mayld Columbus. Ga. 



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